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World Para Snowboard Rules and Regulations
For Snowboard Cross, Banked Slalom, Giant Slalom & Team Events
2017/2018 Season —valid until 1 October 201
World Para Snowboard
Adenauerallee 212-2 14
53113 Bonn, Germany
Tel. ÷49 228 2097-200
Fax +49 228 2097-209
Lion 1: Regulations 5
300 Joint Regulations for World Para Snowboard 5
301 VIPSB Competitions 5
302 World Cup (Level 1) and Continental Cup (Level
Point System, Rankings arid Trophies 7
303 World Para Snowboard Calendar 8
304 World Para Snowboard Race Licence (WPSB Licence) 9
305 Race Licence Pre-requisites 12
306 Competitor’s Obligations and Rights 13
307 Sponsorships and Advertising 13
308 Display of Competition Equipment 13
309 Organisation of Competition 14
310 Invitation/Programme 14
311 Competition Administration and Fee Regulations
(Athletes and Organising Committees) 15
312 Competition Entries 17
313 Team Captains Meetings 18
314 Draw 18
315 Start List/Publication of Results 19
316 Competitor Medical Examinations and Compliance
the IPC Anti-Doping Code 19
317 Medical Services Required from Event Organisers 20
318 Competition Equipment 20
319 Equipment Controls 21
320 Gambling and Competitions 21
321 Sanctions 21
322 Procedural Guidelines 23
323 Protests 24
324 Place of Submission 24
325 Deadlines for Submission 24
326 Form of Protests 25
327 Protest Fees 25
328 Authorisation 26
329 Settlement of Protests by the Jury 26
330 Appeals 26
Section 2: Rules common to All Snowboard Disciplines 29
1300 Race organisation and management 29
1301 the Jury 35
1302 Roles of the Jury 36
1303 The Technical Delegate (TD) and his duties 39
1304 Gate Judges 41
1305 Course setter 42
1306 Forerunners 43
1307 Start, finish, timing and calculations 43
1308 Start and finish officials 44
1309 The Start 44
1310 Course and competition 46
1311 Competition 47
1312 The Finish 47
1313 Award ceremony 48
1314 Starting order 48
1315 Start intervals 49
1316 Re—runs 49
1317 Interruption or Termination of the run or training 50
1318 Not permitted to start (NPS) 51
1319 Disqualifications 51
1320 Competitions under artificial light 51
1321 Poles 51
1322 Gate flags 51
Section 6: Specific rules for WPSB Snowboard 52
1400 World Para Snowboard courses 52
1401 Technical data for Snowboard Cross 52
1402 Technical data for Banked Slalom (LEVEL 1 — 2) 53
1403 Technical data for Giant Slalom 54
1404 Course design. Course building and maintenance plan 55
1405 Course testing 55
1406 Gates and course setting 56
1407 Inspection/Training 56
1408 Execution of Snowboard Cross (head to head event) 57
1409 Finals Snowboard Cross (head to head event) 59
1410 Snowboard Cross (Head to I—lead events) 61
1411 Final Ranking 61
1412 Execution of Snowboard Cross, Banked Slalom and
Giant Slalom (Time trail events) 62
1413 Race points calculation process 64
1414 Point scales 67
1415 WPSB Snowboard Cross Banked Slalom Giant
Slalom Time Trial Points calculation process 74
GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS 75
Appendix 1 76
Section 1: Regulations
300 Joint Regulations for World Para Snowboard
300.1 All competitions on the World Para Snowboard (WPSB) Calendar must be organized in accordance with iPC Handbook and World Para Snowboard Rules and Regulations.
300.2 Participation and Recognition of National Organisations Competitions listed on the World Para Snowboard Calendar are only open to properly licensed competitors entered by their National Paralympic Committees (NPC) or organisations with the delegated authorization of the nation’s NPC.
WPSB recognizes only one national organisation per nation to enter competitors in WPSB competitions. However, the NPC will maintain the exclusive right arid recognition to enter athletes from their nation in the Paralympic Winter Games and World Para Snowboard World Championships.
300.3 Sanctions / Penalties
Every legal sanction or penalty imposed on and published in respect of a competitor, official, coach or Federation will be recognised by WPSB and the NPC.
300.4 Technical Control
All competitions listed in the World Para Snowboard Calendar must be supervised by:
— Appointed World Para Snowboard Technical Delegate, and
— For PWG, WCH and WC, an appointed IPC Snowboard Race Director.
300.5 Every legal sanction imposed and published in respect of a competitor, official or trainer will be recognised by WPSB, the NPC, and the authorized National Ski Federations (NSF) respectively.
301 WPSB Competitions
The following Snowboard competitions are sanctioned by WPSB and are subject to regulations regarding participation and/or qualification:
· Paralympic Winter Games (PWG) Level I
· WPSB World Championships (WCH) Level 1
· WPSB World Cups (WC) Level 1
· WPSB Continental Cups (COC) Level 2
— WPSB European Cup (EC)
— WPSB North American Cup (NORAM)
— WPSB South American Cup (SAC)
— WPSB Asian Cup (AC)
— WPSB Southern Hemisphere Cup (SHC)
— WPSB National Championships (NC) Level 3
· WPSB Races Level 3
· WPSB Team event Level 3
· WPSB Youth Races (YR) Level 3
A competition event may comprise one or several Snowboard disciplines. For example the World Para Snowboard World Cup Finals is an event, whereas the Snowboard cross is a discipline. Entries for an event will be determined by the WPSB points list at the closing date for each event, and these points will be used for the event.
301.1 Paralympic Winter Games (PWG), World Championships (WCH), World Cups (WC), Continental Cups (COC), National Championships (NC), WPSB Races (WPSB), WPSB Team Event
The disciplines that may be considered for WPSB events are as follows:
301.2 Competitions with Non-Members of WPSB
The WPSB STC can authorise one of its member NPCs or authorized NSF to invite a non-member organisation (military, masters, etc.) to competitions, or accept invitations from such an organisation.
301.3 WPSB Events
An event is a competition in Snowboard or in one of its disciplines. It results in a ranking and gives rise to the award of medals and/or trophies
302 World Cup (Level 1) and Continental Cup (Level 2) Point System, Rankings and Trophies
In order to have trophies awarded the following criteria must be met. World Cup (Level 1) requires events in at least two (2) different continents and at least two (2) different disciplines. Continental Cup (Level 2) requires events in at least two (2) different countries and at least two (2) different disciplines and a minimum of 6 races for overall trophy. A minimum of 4 races in a discipline are required in a competition calendar season to be eligible for the trophy in that discipline.
302.1 Cup Point System
Point system is apply to World Para Snowboard (see art. 1414)
302.2 Several Competitors Tied for the Same Position
If several racers are tied for one of the top thirty positions in a race, each of the competitors who are tied receives the points corresponding to that position. The remaining competitors receive the points corresponding to their official classification in the race.
302.3 World Cup (Level 1), Continental Cup (Level 2) Individual/Overall Results
To calculate the individual rankings, all points in each discipline from the competition season are added.
To calculate the overall rankings, all points in all disciplines from the competition season are added together.
In the event of a tie for the top three places, then the athlete with the most first place finishes will break the tie. If there is still a tie, then the athlete with the most second place finishes, followed by third place finishes and so on will break the ties.
302, 4 World Cup (Level 1), Continental Cup (Level 2) Nations Ranking
To calculate the nations ranking, all points from the competition season’s individual standings of each nation will be added.
In the case of a tie the nation with the least number of participants in that Cup will break the tie.
302.5 World Cup and Continental Cup Trophies
A World Cup trophy for the winner and medals for the top three (3) ranked athletes will be awarded In each category/discipline and the individual overall ranking competition.
The winners of the individual disciplines receive small World Cup trophies while the overall classification winners will receive large World Cup trophies.
A Continental Cup trophy for the winner and medals for the top three (3)
ranked athletes will be awarded for each category in the overall ranking competition.
The Nations trophy will be awarded top ranked nation.
303 World Para Snowboard Calendar
The competition year begins on 1 July and ends on 30 June the following year.
303.1 Bidding and Announcement
303.1.1 Any National Paralympic Committee or authorised organisation is entitled to bid to organise the World Para Snowboard World Championships in accordance with the WPSB Bid Application Process for World Championships.
303.1.2 Any National Paralympic Committee or authorised organisation is entitled to present a Host Expression of Interest for any WPSB race (Levels WC,-COC, NC, WPSB, Tea Event.
Upon receipt of the application and approval by World Para Snowboard the races will be included in the draft WPSB calendar, httos:’íwww. Daralvm pic.or2JSnowboard!calendar-results.The races will not be confirmed until World Para Snowboard has received the signed agreement between the parties.
The organizer must send the event information to their National Paralympic Committee and the National Ski Association. The NSF must liaise with FIS secretary in order to obtain necessary Codex for the races.
303.1.3 Appointment of Race Organiser
In the event that the National Paralympic Committee or the National Ski Federation appoints a race organiser, such as an affiliated ski club, it shall do so using the form “Sanctioning Application” or by means of a similar written agreement. An application by a NPC or NSF for inclusion of an event on the WPSB Calendar shall mean that the necessary agreement to organise the event has been established.
303.1.4 Organisation of Races in other Countries
Competitions that are organised by other National Paralympic Committees or National Ski Associations may only be included in the WPSB Calendar when the NPC or NSF of the country concerned where the competitions will be organised provides its approval.
The approval must be sent to World Para Snowboard.
303.1.5 In order to achieve a fixed competition calendar at least two years in advance, the following preferred dates for receipt of Host Expression of Interest apply.
The Interest Forms can be downloaded from:
And must be sent to: WorldParaAlpineSkiingparalympic.org World Para Snowboard calendar is published on the website;
It will be periodically be updated to reflect changes.
Official sanctioned WPSB races must be published on the FIS calendar under the PARA category.
303.1.6 World Para Snowboard must approve the courses where the competition will take the place as well in cases of force majeure new valid course.
303.1.7 In the case of a postponement/cancellation of a listed race from the WPSB calendar, the organizer or hosting NPC or authorised NSF must inform World Para Snowboard immediately and a new invitation or notification must be released on the WPSB website.
303.1.8 An organizer and its NPC failing to comply with the requirements set in the Sanctioning Application and/or formal Contract or Agreement is subject to sanctions by World Para Snowboard.
304 World Para Snowboard Race Licence (WPSB Licence)
A licence to participate in WPSB races is issued by an NPC to competitors who fulfil the criteria for participation through registering the competitor with WPSB in the respective discipline(s).
304.1 The WPSB licence year begins on July 1st and finishes on June 30th of the following year.
304.2 All athletes and guides competing in WPSB races are required to have a valid WPSB Licence.
All athletes competing at WPSB events must comply with age criteria. Age is defined by birth year, eg.1998.
Athletes’ registration and licensing must be done through the SDMS on-line system
Error! Hyperlink reference not valid. .orpfsdms.The registration requires the upload of the signed IPC Athlete Eligibility Agreement.
The new license will be valid after a maximum ten days (10) once the payment is confirmed. Each NPC or authorised NSF has to purchase the licence for athlete on a seasonal basis. The licence must be purchased ten (10) days prior to the first Team Captains Meeting of the Para Snowboard event the athlete competes in.
Each athlete must pay a 60€ fee. When paying after the October 1’ of the competition year the fee will be 90
New athletes and guides, who have never held a WPSB Licence, are allowed to purchase a WPSB licence by paying a 60 € fee at any time during their first season
The IPC Governing Board will review the licence fees every 2 years.
Once the WPSB Licence Fee has been paid, the competitor will be included in the next WPSB Rankings Points list.
304.2.1 National Championship provisional licence (WPSB NCP Licence) Athletes competing in National Championships event (level 3) who do not hold a current WPSB Licence need to purchase WPSB NCP Licence to be included in an WPSB draw.
NCP license registration must be done through the SDMS on-line system
The cost of the NCP license is 20 €. Holders of NCP license are allowed to start in all National Championships competitions. They are not eligible to compete in any other WPSB sanctioned event.
The results achieved with this licence will not be included in the WPSB points list. The athlete can upgrade to a full WPSB Licence until the beginning of the following season (1 July) in order to have their results included in the WPSB Points List.
An NCP licence allows competitors into Banked Slalom and Giant Slalom events only.
304.2.2 Youth License (WPSB YL License)
Youth athletes from 10 to 17 years old can compete in NC races and Youth Competitions.
License fee is 20€
304.3 The WPSB STC reserves the right in its absolute discretion, to grant or to decline to grant, a change of licence notwithstanding the fulfilment of the aforementioned conditions where it deems it is contrary to the spirit of the rule and in the best interests of WPSB to do so (e.g. to decline to grant a change of licence if a member NPC tries to “importa a competitor).
304.4 In the event that a competitor does not fulfil all the criteria required to apply for a change of NPC licence registration, the onus shall be on the competitor to demonstrate In writing to the satisfaction of WPSB that exceptional circumstances exist and it Is in the best interests of WPSB to grant the change.
304.4.1 A competitor will retain their WPSB points if they change their NPC under the condition that the former NPC granted the release of the competitor.
304.4.2 In the event that any of the documents for an application to change licence registration submitted by the NPC (letter of release from the former NPC, passport, residency papers) are found to be false, WPSB will sanction the competitor and the new NPC.
304.5 To compete at WPSB Events,
An athlete must be WPSB classified. Until an athlete has been WPSB classified, he/she will be designated N status (New), and can only compete In:
World Para Snowboard competitions levels: 2, 3.
An athlete with N Status must compete in the highest class of his/her category
An “N” status athlete has one (1) year to obtain the WPSB international classification from the first race he compeles. Results achieved throughout that period will not be recalculated.
304.6 By signing the IPC Athlete Eligibility Agreement, the athlete confirms possession of valid liability insurance for WPSB events and assumes full responsibility, through his/her National Paralympic Committee.
304.7 The WPSB Licence will only be issued to athletes who meet the requirements of the IPC Athlete Nationality Code.
304.8 The WPSB Licence will only be issued to athletes
who meet the requirements of the World Para Snowboard minimum age limit requirements as follows.
304.9 In order to be eligible to compete in WPSB
Competitions, the competitors must comply with the regulations of section 304 and the following admitted years of birth:
WPSB Competition Year 17/18 18/19 19/20 20/21
Minimum Age(Levelland2) 2004 2005 2006 2007
Minimum Age (Level 1)2003 2004 2005 2006
304.10 Youth competitors 13 to 17 may compete at a NC event if they have either an WPSB or NCP licence. These competitors will be expected to follow NC race entry requirements, as outlined in 311.2.
304.11 An athlete whose licence has been suspended may have a new licence issued only after World Para Snowboard has verified that any sanctions imposed have been fulfilled.
304, 12 Application for a change of WPSB Licence Registration.
Refer to the IPC Handbook Athlete Nationality Policy
304.13 Sex of the Competitor
304.13.1 Subject to article 304.13.3 below, an athlete shall be eligible to compete in men’s competition if he iS:
— Recognised as a male in law; and
— Eligible to compete under these WPSB Rules and Regulations.
304.13.2 Subject to article 304.13.3 below, an athlete shall be eligible to compete in women’s competition f she is:
— Recognised as a female in law; and
— Eligible to compete under these WPSB Rules and Regulations.
304.13.3 WPSB will deal with any cases involving transgender athletes in accordance with the International Olympic Committee’s (lOC) transgender guidelines (as amended by the lOC from time to time) and any applicable IPC and WPSB regulations.
304.13.4 The eligibility of persons recognised as third gender in law will be determined by the IPC on a case-by-case basis, in accordance with any applicable WPSB regulations.
305 Race Licence
WPSB shall not issue a licence to any athlete who:
305.1 Has conducted his or herself in a manner that violates the principles of Fair Play;
305.2 Accepts or has accepted, directly or indirectly,
any money / payments for their participation at competitions, not otherwise approved by the NPC I NSF of the competitor/guide, or provided by the competition organising committee in accordance
with the host agreement with WPSB.
305.3 Has not signed the IPC Athlete Eligibility Agreement;
305.4 Does not meet the conditions outlined in the IPC Nationality Code or age limit requirement outlined in regulation 304.9 and 304.10,
305.5 Is under suspension.
305.6 With the issuance of a licence and race entry the National Paralympic Committee assumes full responsibility and confirms that valid insurance (as per regulation 304.3) for training and competition is in place for all its athletes.
306 Competitor’s Obligations and Rights
306.1 Athletes must comply with the IPC Handbook, the World Para Snowboard Rule and Regulation Book and must comply with the instructions of the Jury.
306.2 Competitors are not permitted to compete while under the influence of any substances or methods prohibited by the IPC Anti-Doping Code.
306.3 Competitors who do riot attend the award ceremonies without prior notification lose their claim to any prize granted including money prizes.
306.4 Competitors must behave in an appropriate and sportsmanlike manner towards members of the Organising Committee, officials and the public.
306.5 Competitors are prohibited from betting on the
outcome of competitions in which they are participating.
307 Sponsorships and Advertising
307.1 Teams may enter into contracts with a commercial firm or organisation for financial sponsorship and or the supply of goods or equipment.
Paralympic Winter Games and World Championships have specific regulations that all NPCs must comply with.
307.2 Competitors are forbidden to display any advertising of brands related to tobacco, alcohol products or drugs (narcotics).
308 Display of Competition Equipment
308.1 Competitors are not permitted to take off Snowboard before crossing the red/blue line in the finish area, as defined by the organiser.
308.2 A competitor is not allowed to take equipment (Snowboard, boots, helmet, goggles) to the official ceremonies that have anthems and/or flag raising for Level 1 events (PWGIWCH/WC). Holding or carrying equipment on the victory podium after conclusion of the whole ceremony for press photos, pictures, etc. is permitted.
309 Organisation of Competition
309.1 The Organiser
309.1.1 The organiser of an WPSB competition is the person or group of people who make the necessary preparations and directly carry out the running of the competition in the resort.
309.1.2 The organiser must ensure that accredited persons accept the regulations regarding the competition rules and Jury decisions.
309.2 The Organising Committee
The Organising Committee of an World Para Snowboard competition consists of
those members (physical or legal) who are designated by the contracted party supplying the race service and approved by WPSB. It carries the rights, duties and obligations of the organiser.
309.3 Liability Insurance
309.3.1 The organizer must sign into a liability and accident insurance for all staff (WPSB and IPC Personnel included), including volunteers, all other accredited staff/officials and athletes and visitors to protect the LOC against any claim related to the activities of the Organising Committee. WPSB and IPC will additionally cover its employees and appointed officials, who are not members of the Organising Committee (e.g. TD, administrator personnel, medical supervisor, etc.), with liability insurance when they are acting on behalf of WPSB. Despite this coverage during the event, WPSB and IPC staff is considered part of the L staff and the insurance coverage only will apply if the LOC insurance will decline a potential claim.
309.3.2 Before the first training day or competition, the organiser must be in possession of a binder or cover notes issued by a recognised insurance company and present jito the Technical Delegate. The Organising Committee requires liability insurance with coverage of at least €700,000; whereby it is recommended that this sum is at least €2 million. Additionally, the policy must explicitly include liability insurance claims by any accredited participant, including athletes, against any other participant including but not limited to officials, course workers, coaches, etc.
The lnvitation/Programme (according to the standard template provided by WPSB) must be approved and published by WPSB, and must include:
310.1 Name, date and place of the competitions, together with information on the competition sites and the best ways of reaching them,
310.2 Technical data on the individual competitions and conditions for participation,
310.3 Names of principal officials with contact details (phone/email)
310.4 Time and place for the first team captains meeting and the draw,
310.5 Timetable for the beginning of the official training and the start times,
310.6 Location of the official notice Board,
310.7 Time and place for the prize giving,
310.8 Final date of entry and address for entries, including telephone, fax and e-mail address.
310.9 Download draft invitation from
310.10 If the use of POV cameras has been approved by the Jury this must be included in the programme.
311 Competition Administration and Fee Regulations (Athletes and Organising Committees)
World Para Snowboard recommends the organiser invoice up to 30% of the total participation fee for payment one month prior to the event’s opening date. Failure to pay this amount by the deadline will result in cancellation of the non-paying team’s registration.
The LOC is responsible for complying with the aforementioned clause.
311.1 Standard services for LOC accommodation
If the LOC provides accommodation the standard services must comprise the following:
· Double room with bath in a minimum of three star hotel style accommodations (half Board).
· A number of wheelchair accessible rooms, calculated at a minimum of 15% of the total number of entries
· Waxing rooms:
The organizer must make available a wheelchair accessible heated room/space with enough space for a wheelchair to turn and manoeuvre and for storing equipment. The waxing rooms must be sufficiently ventilated. These rooms should have a minimum height of 2.4 metres, and for total area provided, 2 square metres (2m2) per athlete.
The LOC is responsible for complying with this clause.
311. 2 Race Entry Fee (Athletes)
The race entry fee is the amount that must be paid per athlete to the LOC for each race, including the official Snowboard training day, specified on the programme.
The race entry fee is non-refundable provided the Jury cancels the race.
311.3 Competition sanction fee (Organizing Committee)
An Organising Committee must pay all competition sanction fees to World Para Snowboard according to the terms and conditions of the contract/agreement.
These competition sanction tees are
The fees for each type of race are as follows:
The official Snowboard training runs will be invoiced accordingly to the competition level.
312.1 Each NPC/NSF must comply with the online entries and accommodation entry according to the dates published on the corresponding competition invitation.
312.2 At the request of the LOC, the WPSB Race Administrator together with the WPSB Race Director may cancel a competitor’s entry in a race/event if at the second team captains’ meeting his/her delegation has not covered the full costs of that competitor’s participation.
312.3 WPSB management will send to the LOC or race administrator two days prior to the competition the official document with the race entries.
Special entry timelines and procedures shall apply for the Paralympic Winter Games and World Championships.
312.4 National Paralympics Committees and
authorised National Ski Federations are not permitted to enter the same competitors in more than one competition on the same date. A monetary sanction will be applied to the N PC/NSF.
312.5 All competitors, trainers and team officials participating in WPSB events must carry accident insurance, in sufficient amounts to cover accident, transport and rescue costs including race risks, as well as third party liability insurance. The NPC/NSF is responsible for adequate insurance coverage (including medical insurance if this is not otherwise covered) of all the competitors they license and enter into a WPSB race or event.
312.6 The NPCINSF trainers and team officials must be able to show proof of the respective insurance coverage at any time on request of WPSB, one of its representatives or the organizing committee.
312.7 Only National Paralympic Committees and/or authorised National Ski Federations are entitled to submit entries for WPSB Races. Athlete race registration must be done through the WPSB on-line entry system httD:/fwww. a ralympic.orRJentrles
312.8 The LOC and WPSB may reject any
entry/entries that do not comply with WPSB Rules and Regulations
312.9 ace Entries Deadlines
· Entries by number open 12 weeks prior to the event
· Entries by number close 6 weeks prior to the event
· Entries by name open 5 weeks prior to the event
· Entries by name closed 1 week prior to the event
· . Wild card open 2 weeks prior to the event
· Wild card close 1 week prior to the event
· Entries by name open 3 weeks prior to the event
· Entries by name close I week prior to the event
For WCH and PWG entries are based on the respective qualification criteria. Entries for the event will be determined by the WPSB points list at the closing date for each event, and these points will be used for the event.
312.10 Wax Cabins
Wax cabins must be provided. The minimum measurements of wax cabins for 1-2 athletes is 18m2, 36m2 for 3-5 athletes and 6m2 per athlete for more than 5 athletes.
Team Captains Meetings
313.1 The time and location of the first team captains meeting and of the draw must be published in the invitation/programme. The invitations for all other meetings have to be announced to the team captains at their first meeting.
313.2 Two representatives of each participating nation may attend the TCMs. If an athlete(s) is not represented by a team captain he/she may represent him/herself at the TC meeting.
313.3 Representation by a substitute from another nation during discussions/voting at team captains meetings is not allowed.
313.4 Team captains and coaches must comply with the WPSB Rules and Regulations, the decisions of the Jury and respect the iPC Code of Ethics.
314.1 Competitors’ starting order for each event and each discipline is decided by random draw or WPSB points order and WPSB points order.
314.2 If a competitor is not represented at the draw by a team captain or trainer (or by themselves in the event there is no team captain or trainer), they will only be drawn if their participation is confirmed by telephone, e-mail or faxto the LOC by the beginning of the team captains meeting.
314.3 The TD in his report must name the drawn competitors not present during the competition, indicating if possible the reasons for absence.
314.4 If a competition has to be postponed by at least one day, the draw must be done again.
315 Start List/Publication of Results
315.1 For all WPSB races, the LOC must provide the means to enable start lists and results distribution from the venue results room to the start area and for all gatekeepers/gate judges.
In the venue timing/results room, access to internet (at least DSL speed)
and printer/photocopier (and its drivers) is required for World Cup, World Championships and Paralympic Games.
315.2 The start lists and results will be distributed on paper to all teams, officials, race office, sports presentation, protocol responsible persons and media.
315.3 Unofficial Times
Unofficial times should be posted on a scoreBoard, which should be readily visible from the area provided for the competitors who have finished, and from the press area. Whenever possible, unofficial times should be announced to the public over loudspeakers.
315.4 Announcement of Disqualifications
After completion of the race disqualifications must be published on the official notice Board and also at the finish. The time limit for protest is counted from the moment of this announcement.
Competitor Medical Examinations and Compliance with the IPC Anti-Doping Code
316.1 The National Paralympic Committee and the
authorised organisations are responsible for the fitness of their competitors to race. All competitors are required to undergo a thorough evaluation of their medical health. This evaluation
is to be conducted within the competitor’s own nation.
316.2 All Competitors, Guides and each Athlete Support Personnel who participate in any of the Events or Competitions as coach, trainer, manager, Team staff, official, medical or paramedical personnel must comply with and are subject to the rules and regulations outlined in the IPC Anti-Doping Code (the “Code”) as a condition of their membership, accreditation and/or participation in the sport. The IPC Anti-Doping Code can be found in the IPC Handbook Section 2, Chapter 1.2: httD://www.Daralympic.orithe i Dc/handbook .Any conflict between the Code and these rules will be resolved in favour of the Code.
317 Medical Services Required from Event Organisers
The health and safety of all those involved in a WPSB competition is a primary responsibility of all event organisers. This includes the competitors as well as race officials, volunteers, course workers and spectators. The specific composition of the medical support system is dependent on several variables:
— The size and level of the event being held (World Championships, World Cup, Continental Cup, NC, WPSB level, etc.)
— The estimated number of competitors, support staff and spectators
— The scope of responsibility for the Event Medical Organisation (competitors, support staff, spectators) should also be determined.
The Organiser/The Chief of Medical and Rescue Services must confirm with the Race Director and the Technical Delegate that the required rescue facilities are in place before starting the official training or competition. In the event of an incident, all services must be in place before restarting the official training or competition. Refer to the IPC Handbook, Medical Code.
318 Competition Equipment
A competitor may only take part in a competition on the World Para Snowboard Calendar with equipment that complies with the WPSB Equipment Rule Book. In addition refer to the IPC Handbook, Sport Equipment Policy
318.1 A competitor is responsible for the competition equipment and adaptive equipment they use. It is each competitor’s responsibility to check that the equipment they use conforms to the specifications and general safety requirements and is in working order.
318.2 The term ‘’Competition Equipment” encompasses all manufactured equipment that is specified in the WPSB Equipment Rule Book.
318.3 The term “Adaptive Equipment” refers to all the implements and apparatus adapted to the special needs of Paralympic athletes and used by athletes during competition on the field of play (e.g. sit-ski, protections, prostheses and orthoses) that is specified in the World Para Snowboard Equipment Rule Book.
318.4 World Para Snowboard must approve the new adaptive equipment The new adaptive equipment must be submitted in writing with supporting technical documentation and photographs with the approval form to be downloaded from httDs://www. aralymic.org/Snowboard/downIoads/epuiiment.
The new adaptive equipment must be sent to the World Para Snowboard for approval one month prior to be used in a competition
The new adaptive equipment to be used in PWG and WCH must be submitted by September 30 prior to the competition season in which equipment is going to be used.
318.5 World Para Snowboard does not take any responsibility for the approval of new technical developments, which at the time of introduction may contain unknown dangers to the health or cause an increase in the risk of accidents.
318.6 Advertising on Competition Equipment
The advertising on equipment that is used during IPC Paralympic Winter Games and World Championships must conform to the IPC Manufacturing and Trademark Guidelines. Please refer to Manufacturing and Trademark Guidelines for PWG and WCH.
318.7 Obscene names and/or symbols on clothing and equipment are forbidden.
319 Equipment Controls
319.1 World Para Snowboard has full authority to control equipment. An official designated Equipment Controller will carry out equipment controls. Should there be a violation of equipment regulations the Jury will determine the appropriate sanction.
319.2 In the absence of equipment controllers, equipment issues are to be dealt with by the Jury and Race Director when present at an event,
Gambling and Competitions
Competitors, coaches, team officials and technical officials are prohibited from betting on the outcome of competitions in which they are involved.
321.1 General Conditions
321.1.2 An offence for which a sanction may apply and a penalty be imposed is defined as conduct that:
— Is in violation or nonobservance of these WPSB Rules and Regulations;
— Constitutes non-compliance with directives of the Race Director, Jury or individual members of the Jury; and/or
— Constitutes unsportsmanlike behaviour.
The following conduct shall also be considered an offence:
— Attempting to commit an offence;
— Causing or facilitating others to commit an offence; and/or
— Counselling others to commit an offence.
321.1.3 In determining whether conduct constitutes an offence consideration should be given to:
— Whether the conduct was intentional or unintentional; andlor
Whether the conduct arose from circumstances of an emergency.
321.1.4 All NPCs or approved NSFs, shall accept and acknowledge these rules and sanctions imposed, subject only to the right to appeal pursuant to these WPSB Rule and Regulations and any relevant provision in the IPC Handbook.
321.2.1 These sanctions apply to:
— All persons who are accredited by the WPSB or the organiser for an event published in the WPSB calendar (an event) both within and outside the confines of the competition area and any location connected with the competition; and
— All persons who are not accredited, within the confines of the competition area; and
— The group (trade team, team, national federation, etc.) to which the offender belongs and to its other members.
321.3.1 The commission of an offence may subject a person or athlete/guide to the following penalties:
— Reprimand - written or verbal
— Withdrawal of accreditation
Denial of accreditation
— Monetary fine not less than 80€
— Impairment of their starting position
— Forfeiture of prizes and benefits in favour of the organiser
— Suspension from IPC events
321.3.2 All IPC members or approved NSFs are liable to WPSB for the payment of any fines and incurred administrative expenses imposed on persons whose registration they arranged.
321.3.3 Payment of fines is due to WPSB within 8 (eight) days following their imposition.
32 1.3.4 A competitor shall only be disqualified if his mistake would result in an advantage for him with regard to the end result, unless the rules state otherwise in an individual case.
321.3.5 A Jury has the authority to impose penalties including monetary fines for field of play breaches of these WPSB Rules and Regulations. The Jury may not impose a monetary fine of more than 500 €.
32 1.3.6 WPSB has the authority to impose penalties for outside the field of play breaches of these WPSB Regulations and Rules including monetary fines.
321.4 The following Penalty decisions may be given verbally:
— Reprimands (provided they are recorded in writing)
— The withdrawal of accreditation for the current event from persons who had not been registered with the organiser through their NPCs or NSFs (provided the reasons for such withdrawal are subsequently provided in writing)
321.5 The following Penalty decisions shall be in writing:
— Monetary fines
— Impaired starting position
— Competition suspensions
— Withdrawal of accreditation from persons who had been registered through their NPCs and NSFs Withdrawal of accreditation of WPSB/IPC accredited persons
— Forfeiture of prizes and benefits in favour of the organizer
321.6 Written penalty decisions must be sent by the WPSB TD or RD to: the WPSB email WorldParaAlDineSkiingaralvmpic.org. to the offender, and (if applicable) to the offender’s NPC and/or the NSF.
321.7 Any sanction involving disqualification shall be recorded in the referee’s and/or the TD’s report.
321.8 All penalties shall be recorded in the TD’s report.
322 Procedural Guidelines
322.1 Competence of Jury
The Jury at the event has the right to impose sanctions according to the above rules by majority vote. In the case of a tie, the chair of the Jury has the deciding vote.
322.2 All written Penalty decisions shall include:
322.3 The offence alleged to have been committed
322.4 The evidence of the offence
322.5 The rule(s) or Jury directives that have been violated
322.6 The penalty imposed
322.7 The penalty shall be appropriate to the offence. The scope of any penalty imposed by the Jury must consider any mitigating and aggravating circumstances.
322.8.1 A penalty decision of the Jury may be appealed in accordance with the provisions in these WPSB Rules and Regulations.
322.8.2 If an appeal is not filed within the deadline established in these WPSB Rules and Regulations, the penalty decision of the Jury becomes final.
322.9 Benefit Fund
All monetary fines will be paid to the WPSB account for the development of the sport.
Types of Protests
323.1 Against admittance of competitors or their competition equipment,
323.2 Against the course or its condition,
323.3 Against a competitor or against an official during the race,
323.4 Against disqualifications,
323.5 Against timekeeping,
323.6 Against instructions or decisions of the Jury.
324 Place of Submission
324.1 Protests must be submitted to any member of
the Jury at the location designated and announced at the team captain& meeting held prior to each event.
325 Deadlines for Submission
325.1 Against the admittance of a
— Before the draw.
325.2 Against the course or its condition:
— At least 60 minutes before the competition starts
325.3 Against competitor or competitors equipment
or against an official because of irregular behaviour during the competition:
— Within 15 minutes after the last competitor has passed the finish.
— For Snowboard Cross heats before the next heat commences.
325.4 Against disqualification:
— Within 15 minutes after the posting or announcement of the disqualification.
325.5 Against the timekeeping:
— Within 15 minutes after the posting of the unofficial result list.
325.6 Against all instructions or decisions of the Jury:
— Immediately and within 15 minutes after the last competitor has passed the finish.
326 Form of Protests
326.1 A Jury only must accept a protest that demonstrates merit by including credible evidence.
Specific event-related PC media policies apply for the PWG and WCH regarding personal photography and filming of athletes during such competitions and whether or not the use of such photographs and video footage shall be permitted as evidence to defend a protest. For all other events, the use of personal photographs and video footage is admissible as evidence and may be relied on to lodge or defend a protest.
326.2 All Jury decisions are final except those that may be protested or appealed in accordance with these WPSB Rules and Regulations.
326.3 Protests must be submitted in writing to the Jury.
326.4 As exceptions, protests defined under art.
321.4 (made verbally), can be made verbally
327 Protest Fees
327.1 EUR 100 (or the equivalent in another valid currency) must be deposited with each protest. This deposit will be refunded if the protest is upheld. Otherwise, the funds will go to the WPSB account and used for the development of the sport.
327.2 A protest may be withdrawn by the protesting party before the publication of a decision by the Jury. In this case, the deposit must be refunded.
327.3 Protests not submitted in time or in the correct manner or submitted without the protest fee will not be considered.
The following representatives are authorized to submit protests:
— The NPC or authorized NSF
— The Head Coach or his/her representative.
329 Settlement of Protests by the Jury
329.1 The Jury meets to deal with protests at a predetermined place and time.
329.2 In dealing with a protest against disqualification the gate judge and, if needed, also the gate judge of the adjacent gate combinations or other involved officials, the competitor in question and the protesting team captain or trainer must be invited to attend the Jury hearing by the TD or Referee. The Jury will consider all the available and relevant information.
329.3 At the vote on the protest, only the Jury members are to be present. The WPSB Race Director chairs the proceedings. Minutes of the proceedings are to be kept and signed by all voting members of the Jury. The decision requires a majority of all voting members of the Jury, not just of those present. In case of a tie, the WPSB Race Director vote is decisive. Where an WPSB Race Director appointment is not in place, the TO assumes these responsibilities.
329.4 The decision is to be made public immediately after the proceedings are completed.
330.1 Board of Appeal
330. 1.1 There shall be established a Standing Board of Appeal (Standing
Boa) that will be composed of 5 members appointed by the STC Snowboard. The Standing Boa will be appointed during the spring meeting of the STC for the following competition season.
330.1.2 For each competition (PWG, WCHs and WCs) 3 members of the
Standing Boa will be nominated by WPSB (or for the PWG, by the IPC) to act as the Boa. Following receipt of a Notice of Appeal, the IPC Sport Staff will advise the Boa of that fact and will
copy the Notice to all Boa members.
330.1.3 No person shall sit on an Boa to hear an Appeal if the circumstances of the Appeal are such that they may have a conflict of interest or may reasonably be seen as having a conflict or otherwise biased either for or against the Appellant, or where they have been involved in the decision being appealed, Including as a witness.
330.1.4 The IPC Appointed Sport Staff person should advise all parties of the identity of the Boa members, and the email address for communication with the Boa as soon the notice has been circulated to the Boa.
330.2 Right of Appeal
330.2.1 Any sanction not related to the field of play may be appealed to the Boa and shall do so by filing with the WPSB Appointed Sport Staff person a written Notice of Appeal within 2 hours of the first notification of the decision being appealed.
330.3 Notice of Appeal
330.3.1 The Notice of Appeal must be endorsed by the Appellant’s NPC or NSF (assuming the Appellant is not such a body, in which case they will be required to sign in their capacity as Appellant) and must set out in full the grounds of the appeal, and evidence to be relied on and the legal and other arguments in support of the Appeal. The Notice must contain the appellants email contact and/or mobile or other telephone contact number and must be dated and signed by the Appellant.
330.3.2 Upon receipt, the Boa shall immediately conduct a review of the Notice of Appeal to determine whether the content, timing and delivery of the Notice of Appeal comply with these WPSB Rules and Regulations.
330.3.3 If the Notice of Appeal does not comply with these WPSB
Rules and Regulations the Boa shall be entitled to dismiss the Appeal and if it does so it will notify the Appellant of its decision as soon as possible, which may be verbally or in writing.
In this circumstance a fresh Notice of Appeal can be made within the applicable time limit for bringing appeals.
330.3.4 If the Notice of Appeal complies with these WPSB Rules and Regulations then the Appeal will be forwarded to the Chair of the Jury that made the decision under Appeal and any other party considered by the Boa to be relevant and affected by the Appeal. The Chair of the Jury and all affected parties shall be asked to submit a response to the Notice of Appeal within 12 hours.
330.4 Appeal procedures
330.4.1 The Appeal should normally be decided within 24 hours of receipt of the Notice of Appeal.
330.4.2 All Appeals and responses must be submitted in writing in English, including any evidence the parties intend to otter in support of or in response to the Appeal.
330.4.3 The Boa shall decide on the location and detailed procedure for the Appeal.
330.4.4 The Boa members are required to respect the confidentiality of the Appeal until the decision is made public and to consult only with the other members of the Boa during the deliberations. The Boa will publish the decision once it is made
330.4.5 The Appellant must cover the cost of 750€ (or equivalent currency) when submitting the Notice of Appeal to the WPSB Staff person. The Appellant will be responsible for any additional costs if the Appeal is lost.
330.4.6 Decisions of the Boa may be announced orally at the conclusion of the hearing and shall take effect from that time. The written decision, together with its reasoning, will be delivered to the parties involved, their NPC or authorized NSF and all members of the Jury whose decision was appealed as soon as possible following the hearing of the Appeal.
330.4.7 There shall be no further appeal or challenge to a decision of the Boa, which shall be considered final and binding on all parties including the IPC and WPSB.
330.4.8 Other than in respect of the time limits set out, any failure of any party to follow the procedural requirements will not invalidate the decision of the Boa unless in the opinion of the Boa the failure had a material effect on the decision that was made, or renders the decision unfair in some material respect.
Section 2: Rules common to All Snowboard Disciplines
For the technical organisation of the Paralympic Winter Games and World Para Snowboard World Championships the IPC Handbook is mandatory.
1300 Race organisation and management
Reference is made to article 309
1300.1 The Organizing Committee consists of those members (physical or legal) who are delegated by the organiser and by WPSB. It carries the rights, duties and obligations of the organiser.
1300.2 Appointments by World Para Snowboard
1300.2.1 World Para Snowboard Race Director
The World Para Snowboard RD is the authority representing World Para Snowboard at all World Cups, WCHs and Paralympic Games Para Snowboard events. The World Para Snowboard RD may represent the sport at lower level events, such as Continental Cup races, but this will be determined on a case-by-case basis, with direction from World Para Snowboard.
The World Para Snowboard Race Director reports to World Para Snowboard about the specific activities related to the WPSB events for which they have responsibility.
1300.2 Li Duties, rights and responsibilities
1300.2.1.2 Pre- Event
— Conducts site inspections prior to the event as determined by World Para Snowboard
— Verifies the course with the TD and in a “force majeure” course change situation works with the TO and Chief of Course to choose an appropriate alternate slope
— Ensures all Technical Requirements (for both training and competition) and all contract provisions are implemented in a timely fashion by the Local Organizing Committee (LOC) both prior to and during the event/competition
— Ensure SDMS downloads are prepared for Team Captains’ Meetings (TCM)
— Ensure assigned National Anti Doping Organization (NADO) individuals are aware of event plan and logistics
— Ensure that arrangements have been made with the Head of Classification for events that will also host Athlete Classification, as to what requirements will be necessary at the event
— Ensure that Equipment Testing logistics are arranged at events in which the RD is required to provide this function in place of the assigned STC Member
— Ensures that the Technical Delegate (TD) has all information required regarding the World Para Snowboard Rules and Regulations, and any other documentation as requested or believed required by the TD
— Communicates with the TD and the Chief of Course prior to the event and works loosely with them during the event
— Liaise with all World Para Snowboard STC members as required
— Liaise with the OC to ensure they have the login details to post entries prior to the competition
— The World Para Snowboard RD will work with the World Para Snowboard STC and Head of World Para Snow Sports, the OC and event sponsors (where applicable) in ensuring that event sponsors are fully supported with respect to contract expectations for the event
— To assist in determining opportunities and securing of sponsorship potential for the sport
1300.2.1.3 During Events
— Advocates for the athletes’ safety by ensuring that all aspects of safety and fair play have been adhered to throughout the entire event
— Will work closely with the Jury throughout the event to ensure the safety and fairness of the event
— Listens to input from coaches (as athlete spokespersons), which occurs only through representatives of the CAG on issues that may arise during an event; and communicates with the jury to determine the outcome to be applied in all aspects of the event on-site
— Must be part of all jury inspections before a course is deemed open for inspection
— Chairs the Jury and can also assume the role of the Referee at WPSB sanctioned events
— Conducts and chairs the Team Captains meetings
— Works with the nominated course setter for Snowboard Cross/Banked Slalom in a collaborative fashion. At PWG. WCH and WC (and COC level when present) events the WPSB Race Director has the discretion to set the courses.
— Supervises the complete execution of the race from course preparation during the event, course setting through to completion of the event when the last competitor has finished
— Ensures that all decisions are made collaboratively as the event jury, and communicates the outcomes of jury decisions in a timely fashion through a representative of the CAG (Connection Coach)
— Liaise with all World Para Snowboard STC members as required
— Has to have a full understanding of the WPSB software and supervise its correct use and assist in solving problems that may arise from OVR production (on venue results) Ensure that Adaptive Equipment meets the Field of Play (FOP) Rules
— Ensures that race results have been confirmed by the TD and correctly submitted to World Para Snowboard Headquarters in a timely manner
— Prepares and submits a post-event reports to the WPSB STC that outlines pre-event and event summaries, highlighting areas requiring improvement for the future competitions in the present competition season (this includes any recommendations relating to the World Para Snowboard Rules and Regulations)
— Once the event TD has signed the official results, the PDF results are uploaded to the WPSB official webpage and FIS webpage by the race administrator.
— The WPSB RD will work with the World Para Snowboard STC and Head of World Para Snow Sports and the OC to ensure that sponsor expectations are being met at the event
— Works with any television producer/director to ensure the correct placement of all TV cameras on course.
1300.2.1.4 Post Event
— Work together with the STC during the process of long-term competition calendar planning for all World Para Snowboard competitions in collaboration with WPSB Head of Snow Sports and WPSB STC
— Liaise with all World Para Snowboard STC members as required
— Gather feedback on the completed event from the CAG and Athletes’ Representative
— Prepares and submits a post-season report to the WPSB STC that outlines pre-event and event summaries, highlighting areas requiring improvement for the future competition season (this includes any recommendations relating to the WPSB Snowboard Rules and Regulations)
— The World Para Snowboard RD will work with the OC to prepare a post-event report on sponsorship promotion, placement and success, including direct feedback from sponsors on their perception of the events
1300.2.1.5 In WPSB races in which the World Para Snowboard Race Director is not present, the TD and Jury assume the duties, rights and responsibilities of the World Para Snowboard Race Director (that relate directly to the event).
1300.2.2 In WPSB World Cup and Continental Cup Races
— The WPSB Snowboard Race Director
— The TD
— The finish referee
— The course builder
13001.2 For Paralympic Winter Games and WPSB World Championships
— All Jury members
13001.3 In all other level of WPSB races where the WPSB Race Director is not present the
Technical Delegate appoints:
— The referee
1300.1.4 By these appointments the above persons become members of the Organising Committee.
1300.2 Appointments by the organizer
The organiser appoints all other members of the Local Organising Committee. The chairman or his representative represents the committee in public, leads the meetings and makes decisions concerning all matters that are not made by other persons or groups. Before, during and after the competition he works closely with the WPSB STC and their appointed officials. He takes on all other duties that are necessary for carrying out the competition.
The following officials must be appointed:
1300.2.1 The Chief of Competition
The Chief of Race directs all preparation of the competition and supervises the activities in the technical area. He summons meetings for consideration of technical questions and leads the team captains’ meetings after consultation with the Technical Delegate.
1300.22 The Chief of Course
The chief of course is responsible for the preparation of the courses in accordance with the directives and decisions of the Jury. He must be familiar with local snow conditions on the terrain concerned. In case course builder is appointed Chief of Course may assist Course Builder in course building and maintenance
1300.2.3 The Start Referee
The start referee must remain at the start from the beginning of the official inspection time until the end of a training/event.
— He makes sure that the regulations for the start and the start organisation are roperly observed.
— He determines late and false starts.
— He must be able to communicate immediately with the Jury at all times for stop, starts and restarts.
— He reports to the referee the names of the competitors who did not start and informs the Jury of all infringements against the rules, such as false or delayed starts or violations against the rules for equipment.
— He must ensure that reserve bibs are at the start.
1300.2.4 The Finish Referee
The Finish Referee must remain at the finish from the beginning of the official inspection time until the end of a training/event throughout the training and the race.
— He makes sure that all the regulations for the organisation of the finish and the finish in-run and out-run are property observed.
— He supervises the finish controller, the timing and the crowd control in the finish area.
— He must be able to communicate immediately with the Jury at all times.
— He reports the names of the competitors who did not finish to the Referee and informs the Jury of all infringements against the rules.
1300.2.5 The Chief of Finish
The Chief of Finish is responsible for the organisation and supervision of the finish area and the finish line Judges. The Chief of Finish will accept protests in the finish area. The Chief of Finish must report all protests immediately to the other jury members.
1300.2.6 The Chief of Timing and Calculations
The Chief of Timing and Calculations is responsible for the coordination of officials at the start and finish, including timing and calculations. The following officials are under his direction:
— Assistant starter
— Start recorder
— Chief timekeeper
— Assistant timekeepers
— Finish controller
— Chief of calculations and his assistants
1300.2.7 The Chief Gate Judge
The chief gate judge organises and supervises the work of the gate Judges.
He designates the gates each will supervise and places them in position. At the end of the 1st run and the end of the competition he will collect the gate Judges control cards for delivery to the referee. He must distribute, in good time, to each gate judge the material that they need (control card, pencil, start list, etc.) and be prepared to offer assistance either to help keep the spectators off the course or to help maintain the course, etc.
He must make sure that the numbering and the marking of the gates is done within the required time.
1300.2.8 The Gate Judges
A gate judge will be responsible for the supervision of one or more gates.
A gate judge must observe accurately whether the passage of the competitor was correct through his area of observation. He must also fulfil a number of other important functions, all of which are described in detail under article 1304.
1300.2.9 The Race Secretary
The race secretary is responsible for all secretarial work for the technical aspects of the competition and amongst others for the preparation of the draw. He is responsible for the minutes of the technical officials, the Jury and team captains’ meetings.
He ensures that all forms for start, finish, timing, calculations, and gate- judging are well prepared, and handed over to the officials concerned in good order at the proper time. He receives official protests and gives them to those who are concerned. He facilitates the calculation of results by appropriate preparation and ensures that they are duplicated and published as quickly as possible after the completion of the competition.
1300.2.10 The Chief of Medical and Rescue Services
The Chief of Medical and Rescue Services is responsible for organising adequate first aid and medical coverage during the official training periods and the actual competition.
He must arrange an appropriate facility to which injured competitors should be taken and treated.
He coordinates plans with the team doctors before the start of the official training or the start of any competition.
During training and the races he must be in telephone or radio communication with his assistants. He must co-ordinate plans with the Chief of Race before the start of the official training, or start of any competition.
A doctor, who should be a good skier, should be ready at the start to deal with any eventuality and must stay in contact with the Jury and the members of the rescue service. This task can be delegated to a team doctor.
1300.2.11 The WPSB OVR Race Administrator
World Para Snowboard appoints the WPSB OVR race administrator.
He is responsible for:
— On-venue results, scoring and all printed documents,
— The communication between timer and race director.
1301 The Jury
The following members of the Jury are responsible for technical matters within the closed competition areas: the Technical Delegate
— The WPSB Race Director
— The Referee
— The Chief of Competition
— The Start Referee
— The Finish Referee
— The Video Controller (Only for PWGÌWCH/WC)
— The WPSB OVR Race Administrator (Only for PWGIWCH/WC)
— COURSE BUILDER OR TECHNICAL ADVISOR
1301.1 Appointment by the World Para Snowboard of the Jury for Paralympic Winter Games
— The Technical Delegate(s)
— The WPSB Race Director
— The Referee
— The Chief of Competition
— The Start Referee
— The Finish Referee
— The Video Controller
— -The WPSB OVR Race Administrator (non — voting rights)
— The Equipment controller (non — voting rights)
The Jury should include one lady if possible.
1301.2 Appointment by World Para Snowboard of the Jury for International Competitions
— The Technical Delegate(s) (WCH-WC-EC)
— The WPSB Race Director (WCH-WC-EC)
— he Referee (WCH-WC-EC)
— The Finish Referee (WCH-WC-EC)
— COURSE BUILDER OR TECHNICAL ADVISOR (non-voting rights)
1301.3 AlI Jury members must communicate in the IPC official language, English.
1302 Roles of the Jury
1302.1 The Technical Delegate (TD)
1302.2 In order to qualify; a proposed member must hold a valid licence as a Technical Delegate of the FIS.
1302.3 For PWG, World Para Snowboard will recommend the Technical Delegates to the IPC Governing Board for appointment.
1302.4 For WCHJWC/EC World Para Snowboard will appoint the TD/TAS.
1302.5 For all other level of races the process will follow the WPSB agreement with FIS.
1302.7 A competitor cannot be a member of the Jury.
1302.8 Tenure of the Jury
The appointed Jury members gather for their first meeting prior to the
first Team Captain’s meeting.
1302.9 The active duty of the Jury begins with its first meeting and ends, if no protest is submitted, at the expiration of the protest deadline, otherwise after dealing with all submitted protests.
The WPSB Race Director is the chairman of the Jury. He/she conducts the Jury meetings. Each Jury member has a vote. In the absence of the WPSB Race Director, the TD is the chair of the Jury.
1302.11 Decisions are made by simple majority vote of members present.
1302.12 In the case of a tie, the Chair of the Jury has the casting vote.
1302.13 Minutes are to be kept of all meetings and decisions of the Jury and signed by each individual member of the Jury, with each individual vote on decisions recorded.
The minutes must be written in English.
1302.14 In cases where an immediate decision must be made and it is not possible to convene the entire Jury, each member of the Jury has the right, prior to or during the race, to make decisions which according to the rules per se are reserved to the Jury as a whole; but only provisionally with the obligation to have the decision confirmed by the Jury as soon as possible.
1302.15 Duties of the Jury
The Jury monitors the adherence to the rules throughout the entire race,
including the official training.
From a technical standpoint particularly by:
— Checking the race-course and training course conditions
— Checking the snow conditions
— Checking the final course preparation
— Checking course maintenance operations
— Approving the use of chemicals
— Checking the safety equipment installation like B fences, mats, air fences etc
— Checking the FOP signage and delimitation nets
— Checking the crowd control systems
— Checking the start, the finish and the run-out from the finish
— Checking the first aid service
— Checking the time equipment day before competition time
— Checking the venue requirements
— Checking on the location of the television towers according with safety and TV picture
— Asking and overviewing course testing
— Requiring course changes in case and overviewing the operations
— Appointing the course setters
— Fixing the time of course setting
— Overseeing the work of the course setters
— Spot-checking of the gate flags
— Opening or closing race courses for training after consideration of the technical preparations and the prevailing weather conditions Determining the method of the competitor’s course inspection
— Inspection of the course before the race
— Determining the number of forerunners for each run and setting the start order of the forerunners
— Debriefing the forerunners as necessary
— Changjng the start order after consideration of course conditions and in extraordinary conditions
— Changing the start intervals
— Giving instructions to and obtaining information from the gate judges
From an organisational viewpoint particularly by:
— Ranking of the competitors for the draw
— Division of the competitors without points into groups according to some determined basis
— Granting of re-runs
— Cancellation of the race (beforehand), if snow conditions are unsuitable
— The recommendations of the Technical Advisor’s report have not been carried out
— The first aid and medical service are inadequate or missing
— The crowd control is insufficient
— Shortening the course, if snow or weather conditions make this appear necessary
— lnterruption/ Termination of the race if the prerequisites of article 1317 are present
From a disciplinary viewpoint particularly by:
— Decision on a proposal of the Technical Delegate or a Jury member to exclude a competitor for lack of physical and technical ability
— Enforcement of the checks on regulations concerning advertising on equipment and clothing in the competition area
— Decisions on limitation of quotas for officials, technicians and medical personnel for admission to the race-course
— Imposition of sanctions
— Decisions on protests
— Issue of particular directives throughout the entire event
1302.16 Questions not Covered by Regulations
In general, the Jury takes decisions on all questions not clarified by the Regulations
At all competitions published in the WPSB Calendar, the Jury members plus start and finish referee must be equipped with radios. These must function on a single reserved frequency and be free of interference.
1302.18 Duties and rights of the referee
— At the end of the first run, and again at the end of the race, the Referee will receive the Start and Finish Referees’ reports, and any other official reports regarding breach of rules and disqualifications.
— Checks, signs and posts the Referee’s Report on the official notice Board at the end of each run, and at the end of the race, including a list of disqualified competitors, the gate numbers where the faults occurred, the name of the relevant gate judge or judges, and the exact time of the posting.
— Sends a report to WPSB should unusual circumstances arise or in the event of a difference of opinion among the Jury members or in the case of severe injury to a competitor.
The Referee works very closely with the TD.
1303 The Technical Delegate (TD) and his duties
Works closely together with the WPSB Race Director
1303.1 Before the race
— He reads the TD reports concernìng previous events at the site and checks whether any improvements proposed in these reports have been carried out.
— Inspects the liability insurance certificate as required by article 309.3
— Reports when necessary to World Para Snowboard
— Inspects the competition courses.
— Supervises official trainings.
— Spot checks the gate flags and poles.
— Collaborates in the administrative and technical preparations.
— Checks the official entry lists, including WPSB points.
— Checks on the presence of sufficient radios for all members of the Jury (with separate frequencies).
— Takes note of the accreditation and the authorisation for entry to the competition course.
— Check the safety installations: mats, protection and delimitation fences
— Supervises the course setting together with the Jury.
— Supervises the locations of the first aid service along the course as well as the organisation of the medical care.
— Checks on all technical installations such as timekeeping, hand timing, communications, transport of people, etc.
— Is present in the race area during all official training.
— Takes part in all meetings of the Jury and of the team captains.
— Works closely together with the officials of the Organising Committee and the WPSB Race Director.
— If necessary, appoints members to the Jury.
1303.2 During the race
— Must be present in tfle course area.
— Works closely with the Jury, the team captains and the coaches.
— Observes that the valid rules and directives with regard to advertising, on clothing and race equipment are obeyed.
— Supervises the technical and organisational conduct of the event.
— Advises the organisation concerning the observance of the WPSB Rules and Regulations, and directives of the Jury.
13013 After the race
— Helps with the compilation of the Referees report.
— Calculates the race and penalty points for the individual races. If the computer calculates these points, it is the TD’s duty to re-check the points and to confirm their accuracy with his personal signature. Above all he checks the correct use of the corresponding F value for each event.
— Presents properly submitted protests to the Jury for decision.
— Signs the official resut lists provided by the race secretary and gives the authorisation for the award ceremony.
— Completes the TD report, including any supplementary reports and is responsible for their dispatch within three days to the FIS and the WPSB.
1303.4 In general
— Decides on questions, which are not covered or are insufficiently covered by the WPSB Rules, in so far as these have not already been decided by the Jury and do not fall within the scope of other authorities.
— Works very closely with the Referee
— Has the right to propose to the Jury the exclusion of competitors from participating in the race.
— Has the right to obtain support from the Organising Committee and all Officials under its jurisdiction in all matters necessary for the fulfilment of his duties
1303.5 Course Builder / Course Technical Advisor
Works closely together with the World Para Snowboard Race Director and TD and supports the Jury. IPC/World Para Snowboard can appoint a Technical Advisor for all categories of competitions.
The Technical Advisor has the right to express his opinion within the Jury — without the right to vote.
1303.5.1 Duties of the Course Builder / Course Technical Advisor
— Prepare design proposal working together with LOC, according with WPSB course requirements (section 6), slope characteristics and ski resort/LOC resources.
— Prepare a building and maintenance plan (snow volume, number of shapers, snowcats number and type, time-frame, equipment list, working schedule etc)
— Propose offseason improvements (snowmaking, ground works, anchor points etc.)
— Build the course according with the design agreed and approved by Race Director
— If needed, propose modifications in agreement with Race Director and LOC
1303.6 World Para Snowboard can appoint Technical Advisors to support the Jury. The Technical Advisor has no voting rights
1303.7 World Para Snowboard can impose sanctions against a Jury or individual Jury members.
1304 Gate Judges
1304.1 Every gate judge receives a check card with the following notations
— Name of the gate judge
— Number(s) of the gate(s)
— Designation of the run (1st, 2nd and 3rd / Qualification or Final)
1304.2 Each gate judge must have a thorough knowledge of the competition rules and must follow instructions of the Jury.
1304.3 It can happen that despite close observation of the competitions, a competent gate judge does not recognise, a fault committed by a competitor or judges a fault in error.
1304.4 When an adjacent gate judge, a member of the Jury or an official video controller makes a report concerning a competitor which differs from the notes of the gate judge in question, the Jury will freely interpret these notes in view of a possible sanctioning of a competitor or of a decision concerning a protest.
The decision handed down by the gate judge must be clear and non partisan. His conduct must be calm, watchful and prudent. In case of doubt, the gate judge should hold to the principle, “give the benefit of the doubt to the competitor”.
1304.5 If the gate judge is in doubt whether a fault has occurred, he can consult the adjacent gate judge in order to confirm their notes. He can even request via a member of the Jury that the competition be briefly interrupted, so that the tracks on the course may be checked.
1304.6 In all World Para Snowboard events the responsibility of the gate judge begins with the approaching of the competitor to the first gate he controls and ends when the competitor has passed through the last gate under their jurisdiction.
1304.7 Responsibility to the Competitor
1304.7.1 A competitor may in the case of an error or a fall, question the gate judge. The gate judge, where possible, must inform a competitor If he has committed a fault that would lead to a sanction / disqualification.
1304.7.2 In either case with a clear, decisive voice, the gate judge answers the competitor’s question or informs him with one of the following words:
»Go!» if the competitor should expect no sanction / disqualification, since the gate judge has determined that the gate passage was correct;
»Back!» if the competitor may expect a sanction / disqualification.
1304.7.3 The competitors themselves are fully responsible for their actions and in this respect they cannot hold the gate judge liable.
1305 Course setter
1305.1 For PWG/WCH1WC/EC the World Para Snowboard will appoint the course setters/ course builder. At PWG/’NCH events the World Para Snowboard Race Director will be appointed to set the courses.
1305.2 For the other competitions entered in the WPSB and the FIS Calendar appointments are done by the Jury or Organizer.
1305.3 The course setter work is supervised by the World Para Snowboard Race Director
1305.4 Replacement of course setters
The replacement course setter should have the same qualifications as the original course setter.
1305.5 Rights of the course setter
Recommend the introduction of changes in the competition terrain and in the safety measures.
To oversee the availability of a sufficient number of helpers for the setting of the course, so that he can concentrate solely on the course setting.
To control that a provision of all necessary materials is provided by the chief of course equipment.
1305.6 Duties of the course setter
In order to set the course appropriately, respecting the terrain, the snow cover and the ability of the participating competitors, the course setter conducts a pre-inspection of the race terrain in the presence of the TD, the Referee, the Chief of Race, and the chief of course.
The course setter sets the race course respecting the existing safety measures and course preparation. The course setter must take speed control into consideration.
All courses must be set according to the WPSB Snowboard Rule and Regulation Book
The courses must be set and ready. The competitors are not to be disturbed during course inspection.
The course setting is a task of the course setter alone. He is responsible for adhering to the rules of the WPSB and may be advised by members of the Jury, and by the WPSB Snowboard Race Director.
The course setters must participate in all team captains’ meetings at which a report is to be made about his course.
The organiser is obliged to provide at least three forerunners who have signed the WPSB Eligibility Agreement. The forerunner is a member of the Organising Committee. The forerunners should participate in all training runs. In extraordinary conditions, the Jury may increase the number of forerunners.
The Jury may designate different forerunners for each run.
The forerunners must wear forerunner’s start numbers (bibs).
The nominated forerunners should have enough riding ability to cover the course in a racing manner.
Forerunners are not permitted to start in the competition.
The Jury determines the forerunners and their start order. After an interruption of the race additional forerunners may be authorised as necessary.
The times of the forerunners should not be published.
Upon request the forerunners must report to members of the Jury regarding the snow conditions, the visibility and the race line, as the case requires.
1307 Start, finish, timing and calculations
In all international competitions, multiple communications (telephone or radios, etc.) between the start and finish must be in place. Voice communication between starter and finish must be assured by fixed wire connection or radio. In case of radio, this must be on a separate channel from that used by any other function of the OC.
1307.1 Timing Equipment
For timing all events in the WPSB Calendar, electronic timers, start gates and photocells homologated by the FIS and approved by WPSB must be used.
A list of these approved devices will be published. Races using timing equipment other than those on the homologated WPSB list will not be considered for WPSB points.
Timing procedures are as per FIS Timing Booklet Alpine Skiing.
1308 Start and
1308.1 The Starter
The starter must synchronise his watch with those of the assistant starter and by telephone or radio with the chief timekeeper within ten minutes of the start. The starter is responsible for the warning signal and the start command as well as for the accuracy of the intervals between these signals. He assigns the supervision of the competitors to the assistant starter.
1308.2 The Finish Controller
The finish controller has the following duties:
— Supervision of the section between the last gate and the finish
— Recording of the order of finishing of all racers who complete the course
1309 The Start
1309.1 The Start area
The start area must be closed oft to everyone except the starting competitors, accompanied by only one trainer and the start officials. The start area must be protected appropriately against inclement weather. A special roped off area must be provided for trainers, team captains, service personnel etc., in which they may take care of the waiting competitors without being interrupted by the public. An adequate shelter must be prepared for the competitors waiting for the call to start. Benches may be placed near the start gates to help the competitors in the preparations.
1309.2 The Start Ramp
The start ramp shall be prepared in such a way that the competitors can stand relaxed on the starting line and can quickly reach full speed after leaving the start. Push off posts will be installed on the starting installation for all World Para Snowboard events, the specifications will be adjusted to the needs of the specific event.
1309.3 Start Procedure
No official or attendant who could possibly give an advantage to or disturb the starting competitor may be behind him. All outside help is forbidden.
By order of the starter, the competitor must take his place behind the wand or start mechanism. The starter must not touch the competitor at the start. Pushing off from the start posts or other similar aids is allowed.
1309.4 Start Signals/Commands
For all single timed events (Snowboard Cross, Banked Slalom) the start signal is as follows:
Ten seconds before the start, the starter will tell each competitor »Ten Seconds». Five seconds before the start, he shall count »5, 4, 3, 2, 1» and then give the start command »Go — Partez — Los».
If possible, an automatic audible signal is to be used. The starter will let the competitor see the start clock.
For Snowboard Cross Finals the start command is as follows:
,,Riders ready — attention” — randomly 1—4 seconds before the doors open (this 1—4 seconds is up to the starter).
1309.5 Start timing
The start timing shall measure the exact time the competitor crosses the start line with his leg below the knee
1309.6 Delayed start
A competitor who is not ready to start on time will be sanctioned. The start referee may however excuse such a delay if, in his opinion the delay is due to “force majeure”. For example, breakdown of a competitor’s personal equipment or minor sickness of a competitor does not constitute “force majeure”.
In case of doubt, the Jury may allow the start provisionally.
1309.7 The start referee makes the decisions after consultation with the Jury and must record the start numbers and names of competitors who were not allowed to start because of late appearance, or who were allowed to start in spite of late appearance, or who were allowed to start provisionally.
1309.8 Valid start and false start
In competitions with a fixed start interval the competitor must start on the start signal.
The start time is valid if it occurs within the following limits: 5 seconds before and 5 seconds after the official start time. A competitor who does not start within that space of time will be disqualified.
The start referee must inform the Referee of the start numbers and names of the competitors who made a false start or have contravened the starting rules.
1310 Course and competition
1310.1 Course Setting
Assistance must be provided for the course setter, at a time to be fixed by the Jury, so that he can concentrate on the actual course setting and not be distracted by fetching poles, etc.
The chief of course equipment must provide enough of the following:
— Sufficient number of blue and red poles and stubbies
— A corresponding number of gate panels, divided by colours
— Hammers, drills, gate-keys, wedges etc.
— colouring substance for marking the position of the poles
1310.1.2 Triangular banners position
All gates with triangular banners must be set in a right degree angle (90°) to the general fall line of the course.
1310.1.3 Marking of the gates
The positions of the gate poles may be marked with an easily recognisable colouring substance which remains visible throughout the entire race.
1310.1.5 Marking of the course and terrain
Coloured dye used vertically from gate to gate as well as horizontally across the course or the inside and/or outside of the racing line before and after the gate notably on the approaches indicating changes in terrain, jumps, etc.
1310.1.6 Spare Poles
The chief of course equipment is responsible for the availability and correct placing of enough spare poles. The poles are to be placed so that the competitors are not mislead by them.
1310.1.7 Closing and Modification of the Course
A course is closed from the time the course setting begins. Nobody except for the Jury is permìtted to change gates, gate panels, markings, etc. or modify the course structure (jumps, bumps, etc.) on a closed course. All changes should be announced to athletes and team captains at the start.
Competitors are not permitted to enter a closed competition course.
Trainers, servicemen etc., who are allowed on a closed competition course are to be decided by the Jury.
Photographers and camera teams are allowed into the closed course area for the necessary documentation of the competition. Their total number can be limited by the Jury They will be located by the Jury where possible and must remain only in this area The Jury or the Organising Committee may close a course or sections of a course to competitors, trainers, media and service personnel outside of the actual competition or training times for preparation and maintenance purposes.
1310.1.8 Warm up Slope
Appropriate warm up slopes should be made available.
1311.1 Passage of the Gates
A gate has been passed correctly when the competitor has at least the front foot fixed in the bindings on the Board and the entire Board crosses the gate line. In case of a fall, the competitor must pass through the turning gate line.
The gate line in triangular banner Banked Slalom and Snowboard Cross is the extension of the line at the base of the long pole to past the turning pole which connects the two points at the base of the banner.
In the event that a competitor removes a pole from its vertical position before the competitor’s Board and both feet have passed the gate line, the Board and feet still must pass the original gate line (dye marking in the snow). In the event that a gate pole or stubbie is missing the competitor is obligated to turn around the original placement mark to be considered as having passed the gate correctly.
1311.2 Interdiction to Continue after a Gate Fault
If a competitor misses a gate, he must no longer continue through further gates.
1312 The Finish
1312.1 The Finish Area
The finish area must be plainly visible to the competitor approaching the finish. It must be wide, with a gently sloped smooth outrun. It must be prepared.
In setting the course with gates, particular attention shall be paid to directing competitors across the finish on a natural line adapted to the terrain.
1312.2 The finish area is to be completely fenced in. Any unauthorised entry must be prevented. Finish installations arid closures should be set up or secured through suitable security protection measures.
1312.3 For competitors who have finished their runs, a special area, separated from the actual finish, is to be provided. In this area or corridor, it should be possible if applicable to make contact with the press (written and audiovisual).
1312.4 The Finish Line and its Markings
The finish line is marked by two posts or vertical banners which are connected by a horizontal banner.
In Snowboard Cross and Banked Slalom the finish must be no less than 10 m wide.
In exceptional cases, the Jury can decrease this distance for technical and security reasons or because of the terrain. The width of the finish is considered to be the distance between the two finish posts or banners. The timing supports must also be at least this far apart and are to be protected. The timing supports can usually be placed directly behind the finish posts or banners, on the downhill side. The finish line must be clearly marked horizontally with colouring substance.
1312.5 Crossing the finish line
The finish line must be crossed:
— With at least one foot attached to the Board
— With both feet in case of a fall in the immediate finish area. In this case the time is taken when any part of the competitor’s body or equipment stops the timekeeping system.
— In Snowboard Cross the competitor’s place of finish is determined when any part of the body or Snowboard crosses the finish line.
1313 Award ceremony
The LOC will arrange the Award ceremonies in consultation with World Para Snowboard.
1313.1 In the event an organizer chooses a flower or medal ceremony before the protest time has expired, it will be at its own risk and responsibility.
1314 Starting order
1314.1 The valid WPSB Snowboard points list must be used for the ranking of riders. The first group will consist of 8 and can be reduced to 4 if there are less than 10 riders or such other number as determined by the Jury.
1314.2 For Snowboard Cross and Banked Slalom a random manual draw will take place for the first group. The remaining competitors will be placed according to their ranking. All competitors without points will be drawn.
The Jury has the ability to change the start order.
1315 Start intervals
1315.1 Start Intervals in WPSB Snowboard Races
The start can take place in each discipline at variable intervals as determined by the Jury.
A competitor who is hindered while competing by the error of an official, a spectator, an animal, or any other justifiable causes outside their control can apply to any member of the Jury for a provisional re-run immediately after the occurrence of the interference. This claim can also be made by the team captain of the hindered competitor. The competitor must leave the course immediately, or as soon as feasible after the interference, and must not continue riding further down the course but should make his/her way to the finish only on the side of the course.
This Rule does not apply In Snowboard Cross Finals.
In special situations (e.g. in case of missing gates, failure of the timekeeping system or other technical failures), the Jury may order a rerun.
1316.1 Grounds of interference
1316.1 Blocking of the course by an official, a spectator, an animal or other obstruction.
1316.1.2 Blocking of the course by a fallen competitor who does not clear the course quickly enough.
1316.1.3 Objects in the course such as equipment of a previous competitor.
1316.1.4 Activities of the first aid service which obstruct the racer.
1316.1.5 Absence of a gate knocked down by a previous competitor that has not been promptly replaced.
1316.1.6 Other similar incidents beyond the will and control of the competitor, which cause significant loss of speed or a lengthening of the racing line and consequently affect the competitors’ time.
1316.2 Validity of a re-run
1316.2.1 If the Referee or another Jury member is unable to question the appropriate officials immediately or to judge the justification for the re-un he may grant a provisional re-run, to avoid delay for the competitor. This re-run will be valid only if it is subsequently confirmed by the Jury.
13162.2 If the competitor was already disqualified before the incident entitling him to a re-run, the re-run is not valid.
1316.2.3 The provisional or subsequently approved run remains valid even if it proves slower than the obstructed one
1316.2.4 If a competitor is stopped by a yellow flag in Snowboard Cross or Banked Slalom during his/her timed run, he/she has the right to request a provisional re-run, under the condition that the Jury considers this possible from an organisational point of view.
The jury should ensure that the competitor’s provisional re-run takes place before the last competitor on the start list.
1316.3 Start time of re-run
The competitor must report to the start referee. The start referee will inform the competitor the start position.
1317 Interruption or Termination of the run or training
If an interrupted run cannot be finished on the same day, it is to be treated as a terminated run.
1317.1 By the Jury
1317.2 To allow course maintenance or to allow a fairer and more consistent course for all competitors.
1317.3 For unfavourable or inconsistent weather and snow conditions
1317.4 The competition is to be restarted as soon as the work on the course has finished and f the weather and snow conditions have changed so that a fair competition can be assured.
1317.5 A repeated interruption of the race ordered for the same reason should lead to a termination.
1317.6 Brief Interruption. Each member of the Jury is entitled to order a brief interruption of the run, including at the request of a gate judge
1317.7 The Jury will terminate a competition:
— If the competitors are significantly affected by outside disturbing influences.
— If conditions arise that interfere with the fairness of the race or if the proper conduct of the race may no longer be guaranteed.
1318 Not permitted to start (N PS)
This is not a DSQ
NOTE - Skis & Helmets
· There is no provisional start for skis/helmets.
· Racer is Not Permitted to Start (NPS).
· Racer is NOT DSQ.
· Racer has until second last racer in the run taking place to find skis/helmet correctly marked.
A competitor will not be permitted to start in any WPSB international competition who:
1318.1 Wears obscene names and/or symbols on clothing and equipment or behaves in an unsportsmanlike manner in the start area
1318.2 Does not wear a crash helmet that conforms to the competition equipment specifications or has not signed the waiver for equipment if needed
1318.3 Was disqualified (DSQ), was not permitted to start run 1 (NPS1), not permitted to start run 2 (NPS2), did not start (DNS), did not finish (DNF) or did not qualify (DNQ)
A competitor will be disqualified if he:
1319.1 participates in the race under false pretences
1319.2 jeopardises the security of persons or property or causes actual injury or damage
1319.1 Disqualification occurs if an athlete/guide does not pass through a gate correctly or does not start within the time limits.
1320 Competitions under artificial light
Competitions under artificial light are permitted and must be approved by World Para Snowboard.
All poles used in the Snowboard Cross, Banked Slalom and Giant Slalom are subdivided into rigid poles and flex poles.
For WPSB competitions the poles must conform to the FIS specifications.
1322 Gate Flags
For WPSB competitions the gate flags must conform to the FIS specifications.
Section 6: Specific rules for WPSB Snowboard
1400 World Para Snowboard courses
1401 Technical data for Snowboard Cross
1401.1 Snowboard Cross Head To Head (LEVEL 1 see appendix 1 page 77 for details)
1401.1.1 Vertical drop. Vertical drop min 100 m - max 250 m. Vertical drop of the course may be reported in the starting list and final results.
140 1.1.2 Length of the course min 500m max 1.000m. Course angle average 12°± 30 Running time of approximately 40 seconds to 70 seconds. Length of the course may be reported in the starting list and final results.
140 1.1.3 Width: slope may be minimum 40m wide. In special case World Para Snowboard Race Director can authorize exceptions for short parts of the course. Course Width may be minimum 10 m, recommended 12 m minimum
1401.1.4 Start section of course may be a straight line between start and first bank, The section should be designed so as to separate the competitors as quickly as possible after the star. Technical data: Minimum 100 m length, 6-8° angle of track after the start platform, minimum 10m width.
1401.1.5 General characteristic and terrain: The preferred slope is classified blue red varying from 10 to 20 degrees, according to the requirements above. Various terrain is preferable. Starting section and finish area are the first two elements that need to be fixed.
1401.1.6 The course may be designed and built to include conditions to enable the riders to generate speed and not to have to control it during their performance. Various changes of speed and rhythms along the course are preferable.
1401.1.7 The ideal WPSB Snowboard Cross may allow the construction of any features excluding: gap jumps, corner jumps, spines and double spines, cutting banks, negative banks. It is important to avoid the features with different transverse take-off and landing angles, and the ones that require a change of direction on air. In any case competitor safety considerations and riding level of the athletes must always be apriority.
140 1.1.8 The track may be closed to the public and training camps at least 24 hours before the competitions.
1401.2 Snowboard Cross Time Trial only with no dual finals (LEVEL 1)
1401.2.1 Vertical drop. Vertical drop min 70m - max 150m. Vertical drop of the course may be reported in the starting list and final results.
1401.2.2 Length of the course min 400 m max 700 m. Course angle average 12°± 30/20 — 25%. Running time of approximately 30 seconds to 60 seconds. Length of the course may be reported in the starting list and final results.
140 1.2.3 Width: slope may be minimum 40 m wide. In special case World Para Snowboard Race Director can authorize exceptions for short parts of the course. Course Width may be minimum 6 m, recommended 10 m minimum
1401.2.3 Start section of course may be a straight line between start and first bank. Technical data: minimum 40 m length, 6-8° angle of track after the start platform, minimum 6 m width.
1401.3 General characteristic and terrain: The slope may be preferable classified blue — red slope/ varying from 10 to 20 degree, according with the requirements above. Variations in terrain are preferable. Starting section and finish area are the first two elements that need to be fixed.
1401.4 The course may be designed and built to put in conditions the riders to generate speed and not to have to control it during the performance. Various changes of speed and rhythms along the course are preferable.
1401.5 The ideal WPSB Snowboard Cross may allow the construction of any features excluding: gap jumps, corner jumps, spines and double spines, cutting banks, Giant Slalom turns, negative banks. Basically it is important to avoid the features with different transverse take-off and landing angle, and the ones that require a change of direction on air. In any case competitor safety considerations and riding level of the athletes must always be a priority.
1401.6 The track may be closed to the public and training camps at least 24 hours before the competitions.
1402 Technical data for Banked Slalom (LEVEL 1 — 2)
1402.1 Vertical drop min 100 m - max 250 m. Vertical drop of the course may be reported in the starting list and final results.
1402.2 Length of the course min 400 m - max 1000 m. Course angle average 15°+ 30/20 35%. Running time of approximately 30 seconds to 90 seconds. Length of the course may be reported in the starting list and final results.
1402.3 Width: slope may be minimum 25 m. Course width minimum 4 m.
1402.4 General characteristic and terrain: it may be medium pitched slope. It may be preferably a natural various terrain, plenty of bumps and dips, preferably a U shape/natural valley.
1402.5 The course may be designed and built following the terrain profile, preferably using natural snow. Any features are allowed, but competitor’s safety considerations and riding level of the athletes must always be a priority.
1402.6 The track course may be built in a way that the competitors are able to ride keeping always the Board parallel to the surface during the performance. In the turns appropriate banks may be built and shaped. Minimum distance between the banks/gates after the first gate may be minimum 14 m.
1402.7 The track may be closed to the public and training camps at least 24 hours before the event.
1402.8 Start Ramp
The Start Ramp shall be prepared in such a way that the competitors can stand relaxed on the starting line and can quickly reach full speed after leaving the start. Push off posts will be installed on the starting installation for all events. The specifications will be adjusted to the needs of the specific events. In Banked Slalom and Giant Slalom the first gate on the course must be straight from the start gate.
1402.9 Start Gates
The Start gates for all World Para Snowboard competitions/disciplines must meet FIS homologation standards with the exception of Snowboard Cross which is only a 2 person start gate. A Banked Slalom/Giant Slalom start gate may be a single Snowboard Cross start gate.
For Snowboard Cross the start gates must open simultaneously and a competitor must not be able to push the gates open.
1402.9.1 Malfunction of the start gate
If one or both starting machine gates have been blocked because of technical malfunction, without the competitor touching the gate before the starting signal was given, the start must be repeated.
1403 Technical data for Giant Slalom
1403.1 Vertical drop min 200 m — max 400 m. Vertical drop of the course may be reported in the starting list and final results.
1403.2 Length of the course min 400 m - max 600 m. Course angle average 15°± 3 / 20 — 35%. Running time of approximately 30 seconds to 90seconds. Length of the course may be reported in the starting list and final results.
1403.3 Width: slope may be minimum 30 m.
1403.4 The distance between the nearest poles of two successive gates must riot be less than 10 meters. The gates must be set so that the competitors can distinguish them clearly and quickly even at high speed. The banner of a gate should be set at right angles to the racing line.
1403.5 General characteristic and terrain: medium pitched slope, preferably with various grades.
1403.6 The course may be perfectly groomed and the snow surface may be compacted.
1403.7 The triangular gate flags have to be placed at right angles (900) to the fall line at the bottom of the gate. The triangular gate flags are to be fastened at the bottom of the gate.
1403.8 Number of gates
The Giant Slalom has to be set as follows:
It is recommended to set with a distance of between 20—27 meters between turning gates in Giant Slalom (Exception: Banana Gates). The results list must show the number of turns and number of gates. Example: 25 (turns) /30 (gates).
1404 Course design. Course building and maintenance plan.
1404.1 Design of course has to be approved by World Para Snowboard Race Director in advance.
1404.2 The building and maintenance plan of the course may be agreed by all the parts and approved in advance by World Para Snowboard Race Director.
1405 Course testing
1405.1 Before the event, the Jury may allow an official course testing
1405.2 All the safety equipment may be installed on the course
1405.3 Medical staff may be on place during the course testing
1405.4 Only competitors are allowed to test the course, according with the equipment requirements (helmet is mandatory)
1405.5 The teams may communicate to WPSB the riders list available for the course testing 7 days before the competitions
1405.6 Jury may select minimum 3 or maximum 5 riders based on: competitors availability, local national team athlete/athletes, world cup ranking, one per gender, different classes, turnover principle.
1405.7 Only the coaches may attend the course testing, according with JURY indications and they are allowed to film the course testing
1405.8 The course may be set and gates may be on place
1406 Gates and course setting.
1406.1.1 A Snowboard Cross/Giant Slalom/Banked Slalom gate consists of one stubby flex pole (turning pole) and one long slalom pole (outside pole) which are connected with a triangular gate flag.
1406.1.2 Consecutive gates must alternate in colour except banana gates (which are considered to be one turn therefore one colour) that must be the same colour gates and flags.
1406.1.3 The gates must be set so that the competitors can distinguish between them clearly and quickly even at high speed. The triangular gate flag of a gate should be set at right angles to the racing line.
1406.1.4 In certain circumstances competitors may be required to pass between two gates of the same colour (for example: corridors).
1406.2 Course setting
1406.2.1 The setting of the gates must be done before the official inspection and training and should incorporate the skilful use of the terrain with the integration of terrain features and jumps into the setting.
1406.2.2 Minor adjustments in the setting may be necessary during the training to adjust the course for a smooth race line.
1406.2.3 Any changes made during training should be announced in the start area so all competitors and Team Captains are aware of any such changes.
1406.2.4 Giant Slalom second run should be reset on the same slope according with rule 1310.
A new course setter is preferable.
1406.2.5 Immediately after the course setting, the coaches have the possibility to inspect the course according with Jury recommendation. In the finish area the coaches can provide their remarks or official protest to the Jury regarding the course preparation and course setting, before official inspection and training.
1407.1 The competitors are allowed to inspect the course by slowly sliding down through or alongside the course. Inspection times are at the discretion of the Competition Jury but should be a minimum of 15 minutes. Competitors must visibly wear their start numbers and their helmets.
1407.2 At least one training run prior to the actual competition is mandatory in Snowboard Cross and Banked Slalom normally the training session should be 1—2 hours in length and if possible should be held the day before the actual competition (under certain mitigating circumstances the competition Jury may decide other possibilities).
1408 Execution of Snowboard Cross (head to head event)
1408.1 Formats 2 competitors per heat (16 men/ 8 women) or such other numbers as determined by the Jury based on field sizes in each category. Qualification runs have one competitor on the track at a time. Qualification normally involves two runs but the jury can decide otherwise in its sole discretion taking into account variables including, but not limited to, the weather and field sizes. Any change by the Jury must be announced before the first run begins. The timed qualification runs are be used to qualify competitors for the finals.
1408.1.1 There are three (3) timed qualification formats:
One Run Qualifications — all competitors take one (1) timed run.
Two Run Qualification — all competitors take two (2) timed runs; the best run out of the two determines the qualification ranking.
a) Two timed runs in “Cut Down System” — From qualification run 1, top 50% of the final number of athletes in a category (e.g. LLI Men or LL2 Men etc.) will be ranked by time (e.g Brackets 16 Men, 8 qualified after Run 1 ranked 1 to 8, 8 Ladies 4 qualified after Run 1 ranked 1 to 4)
— Only the athletes not qualified from Qualification Run 1 will take a second qualification run
— Start order Second Qualification run will be the same start order of the first qualification run, taking out the already qualified athletes.
— The best qualification run of the two, counts for the remaining athletes (e.g. for the 16 bracket they will be ranked 9 to 16, for 8 bracket they will be ranked 5 to 8)
A competitors who did not finish (DNF) or were disqualified (DSQ) in qualification run one (1) or did not start (DNS) can participate in qualification run two (2).
1408.2 In Snowboard Cross there are 2 start gates on the start platform. One gate may be used as start of qualification run 1 and the other one for qualification run 2 in order to guarantee the same snow conditions of the track during the finals.
1408.3 False Starts
Disqualification will take place:
When a competitor manipulates the starting gates; and/or
When a competitor’s Board (entire body counts if a western style start gate is used) passes the starting line (vertical plane) before the final starting signal has been given (audible and/or visible).
1408.4 For the 2nd qualification run all competitors including DQs, DNFs and DNSs will start in the same order as the first run.
Intentional contact by pushing, pulling, positioning an arm in front of another competitor to avoid being passed or other means which causes another competitor to slow down, fall or exit the course is not permitted. Blocking, by intentional movements of the body or an abrupt and radical changing of the actual riding line for blocking reasons is also not permitted. Any of the described intentional contacts will cause an automatic disqualification sanction. Unavoidable ‘casual contact” may be acceptable. All contact infractions will be at the discretion of the course Judges and competition Jury.
1408.6 Ties in Snowboard Cross Qualification
In the event of a one run qualification if two competitors are tied they will receive the same rank and will be seeded into the finals with the higher start number seeded ahead of the other tied competitor. If two or more competitors have the same best time, the tie will be broken by their total time of the two qualifications runs. If they are still tied, the ties will be broken using the highest WPSB Snowboard points standing. If they are still tied all of the competitors will receive the same rank but the competitor with the higher bib number will be ordered first. The following tie-breaking rules do not apply to competitors who are tied for the last qualification rank (of 8 ladies or 16 men’s place or for any of the last places in the brackets as determined by the jury). If two or more competitors are tied, all competitors will run as many run-otis as required until the ties are broken. If this run-off format both (or more) competitors run together. A draw will be done at the start to determine start gate position.
1408.6 In special event Jury can decide to change the format in 4 or 6 per heat.
1408.7.1 Report of Protests
Disqualification f Sanctions will be announced and/or posted immediately after each heat at a designated area at the bottom and/or top of the course. All protests must be reported to the Chief of Finish and or another Jury member or to a jury appointed person (which is announced at the Team Captains meeting) before the next heat begins. Protests received after this time will not be accepted. A competitor does not need to stop their run and/or raise their hand if they think that they have been interfered with by another competitor in order to have the right to protest Protests need not be in writing but all other IPC rules for protests will apply, The protest fee must be paid at or before the conclusion of the competition.
1408.7.2 Handling of Disqualifications! Sanctions caused by intentional contact
If a competitor is disqualified /sanctioned because of intentional contact, they will be automatically ranked as last iri their heat and listed as DIC in the result list. All other competitors, even if they are victims of this intentional contact, will be ranked as they came into the finish.
No re-runs will be conducted in Snowboard Cross in cases of intentional contact(s). Re-runs will only be considered by the Jury in the case of force majeure or if the competitor(s) were interfered with by other persons or circumstance outside of that presented by fellow competitors in that heal
1409 Finals Snowboard Cross (head to head event)
1409.1 Finals are based on 16 men / 8 ladies /2 competitors per heat or such other numbers as determined by the Jury. In special circumstances 32 men arid/or 16 ladies are allowed.
1409.2 In case there are less than 16 men/ 8 ladies competitors per class, the brackets may be defined following the indications below:
· 16 men — minimum 13 competitors on the starting list with 3 bye
· 8 men / ladies minimum 6 competitors in the starting list with 2 bye
· 4 men/ladies minimum 3 competitors in the starting list with 1 bye
· 2 men/ladies 2 competitors in the starting list
Jury can decide to define different brackets in case of special conditions.
1409.2.1 Seeded groups without timed runs
The competitors will be seeded according to their actual WPSB or World Cup points standing. In WPSB World Cup Snowboard Cross competitions, the competitors will be seeded using their current World Cup or WPSB points, whichever are higher.
For COC competitions, CCC or WPSB points will be used, whichever are higher.
In the PWG, WCH and WC competitions this format may work as an alternative in extraordinary conditions only and the competitors should be seeded using the current World Cup or WPSB points, whichever is higher.
The Jury will announce at the TC-Meeting:
— Number of qualified competitors
— If necessary, the number of rounds
— Number of heats including number of qualified competitors per heat
1409.3 Snowboard Cross will be run according to a single knockout format.
The first competitor (2 riders per heat) advance from round to round as determined by their place of finish in each heat. Place of finish is determined by the first part of the body or Snowboard that crosses the finish line. Whenever possible, a finish line camera (video or photo finish) should be available. In case of a tie, at the finish line, such tie(s) will be broken after reviewing if available the photo-finish presentation If a tie still exists, the competitors concerned will be ranked according to the fastest qualification time. In the case where the same qualification time exists (best time out of two runs), the tie will be broken by using the total time of both qualification runs. If a tie still exists, the competitor with the higher bib number (based upon qualifyingtime) will be scored as first.
The competitors who do not advance in 1/8 finals heats will be grouped according to their placing in the heat and then ranked within that group according to their qualifying time. In any case a competitor who has qualified for a certain group (1/8 final, 1/4 final, etc.) will remain in this group and be ranked there. For example: Once a competitor is qualified for top 16 they will remain for scoring purposes in the top 16 group.
Special events Jury can change the number of competitors advance from round to round
1409.4 Race Bibs
Must be 2 different colours in each heat or numbered bibs with numbers on front, back and sleeves for better visibility by the course judges.
In order to differentiate between the two competitors, different coloured (red arid green) race bibs must be used. If that is not possible, different coloured leg bands (red and green) must be used in addition to the (same colour) race bibs. The Race Director or Jury may approve colours other than red and green.
Special event it may be required more than 2 different colours.
1409.5 The competitors who drop out/DNS without communicating and announcing the decision in advance to a Jury before the qualification run 1 or 2 or the finals will be sanctioned
1410 Snowboard Cross (Head to Head events)
Pairings for the finals will be according to the following, excluding Special Event
Ranking for 8 heats/2 per heat (16) MEN
1411 Final Ranking
1411.1 Competitors are ranked according to their place of finish in the final heat and in the consolation round. All remaining competitors’ are ranked according to the round they go out In (e.g. quarter finals) and their qualification times within that round.
1411.2 DNS, DSQ, DNF in Snowboard Cross Finals
If a competitor does not start in the round of 16 or the round of 8 or round of 4 they will be automatically ranked last in the round of 16, 8 or 4 respectively. If two competitors are DNF/DSQ, they will be ranked in the heat on 1st/2nd position according to their qualification time.
WPSB International competitions or WPSB National Championships.
1412 Execution of Snowboard Cross, Banked Slalom and Giant Slalom (Time trail events)
1412.1 Format with single competitor timed runs
1412.1.1 Timed runs are used to rank competitors, with one competitor on course at a time.
1412.1.2 LEVEL 1, 2 & 3 All competitors take three (3) timed runs for Snowboard Cross – Banked Slalom — The best (fastest) timed run out of three (3) timed runs will be used to determine the final results. Under special circumstances jury may allow format with one (1) or two (2) timed runs, best (fastest) timed run out of two (2) will be used to determine the final results. This jury decision should be announced at the TC meeting before competition, and must be announced at the latest before the start of the official qualification training.
All competitors take two (2) timed runs for Giant Slalom. The two times will be combined and used to determinate the final results. DSQ, DNF and DNS are not permitted to start the second run.
1412.1.3 Start list 1st run: Random draw of best 8 (or 4) by WPSB Snowboard points, done on TC meeting.
1412.1.4 Start list 2nd run: Same order as athletes in 1st run including DNF. DSQ, and DNS for Banked Slalom and Snowboard Cross only
1412.1.5 Start list 3rd run: Same order as athletes in 1st run including DNF, DSQ and DNS for Banked Slalom and Snowboard Cross only.
1412.1.6 The competitors who drop out/DNS without communicating and motivating the decision in advance to a Jury member before any run will be sanctioned
A competitor, who is hindered, stopped or interfered while competing by the error of an official, by a spectator, by an animal, or by any other justifiable causes outside their control can apply to any member of the Jury for a re-run immediately after the occurrence of the interference.
This claim can also be made by the team captain of the hindered competitor.
The competitor must leave the course immediately or as soon as possible after the interference and may not continue riding further down in the course (only on the side of the course).
In case competitor does not leave the course and continue to race down to the finish line, request for re-run will be considered not valid.
In special situations or other technical failures i.e. failure of start gate(s) or timing systems), the Jury may order a re-run.
If a competitor is stopped by a yellow flag, he has the right to request a provisional rerun, under the condition that the Jury considers this possible from an organizational point of view. The jury should ensure that the competitor’s provisional re-run takes place before the last competitor on the start list.
1412.2.1 Grounds for interference
Blocking of the course by an official, a spectator, an animal or other hindrance.
Blocking of the course by a fallen competitor, who did not clear the course soon enough
Stopped with yellow flag by competition official for any reason Objects in the course such as equipment of a previous competitor
Activities of the first aid service which hinder the competitor.
Absence of a non-marked gate knocked down by a previous competitor, and not promptly replaced
Other similar incidents, which, beyond the will and control of the competitor, cause significant loss of speed or affects the competitors’ performance and thereby can affect his result.
1412.2.2 Provisional re-run
In case the Referee or another Jury member is unable to question immediately the appropriate official or judge the justification for the provisional re-run request, he may, to avoid delay for the competitor or competition, grant a provisional re-run. This provisional rerun will be valid only if it is confirmed by the Jury.
If the competitor was already disqualified before the incident entitling him to request a provisional re-run, the request for the provisional re-run is deemed to be not valid.
The provisionally or definitively approved re-run remains valid even if it proves worse than the original run.
If the claim for provisional re-run is shown to be unjustified, the competitor will be subject to sanction(s).
14 12.2.3 Start time of the re-run
In case of fixed start intervals, the competitor may start a re-run at the fixed interval, after he has reported to the start referee. The start referee’s should allow the competitor a reasonable amount of time to compose themselves prior to such start.
If two (2) or more competitors have the same combined times, calculating the total time of their three (3) runs will break the tie. Ties in two (2) timed runs format will be broken by their total time of two (2) runs. If they are still tied, the tie will be broken using the WPSB Snowboard Cross Points list. If the tie cannot be broken, they will receive the same ranking and WPSB Snowboard Cross Points but the competitor with the higher start number shall be listed first on the official list of results.
1412.4 Gate judges
Between 4-8 gate judges (with control section gate judges being provided radios connected with the Finish Referee and the rest of the Jury) on a Snowboard Cross is necessary. Control section gate judges must be familiar with the rules (Inspection, Training, Gate-DSQs, Contact etc.).
1413 Race points calculation process
For every international competition registered in the WPSB calendar, WPSB points are awarded from 1st place down to 90% of the ranked competitors or 100th place, whichever is the lower number.
The calculated 90% will be always rounded up (e.g. 41.1% becomes 42).
Points will be awarded according to the following scales:
The point values for all scales are based on the same percentage points awarded as in scale 1000 for 1st, 2nd , 3rd , 4th, 5th 99th, 100th place in relation to the first place.
1413.2 Competition levels and corresponding scales
1413.2.1 Level 1 competitions: Scale 1000 WPSB Points
Paralympic Winter Games, World Championships, World Cup are considered Level 1 competitions
14 13.2.2 Level 2 competitions: Scale 260 to scale 130 WPSB Points Continental Cups
14 13.2.3 Level 3 competitions: Scale 160 to scale 50 WPSB Points
14 13.2.5 Selection of the scale for Level 1, 2 and level 3 competitions
The calculation for the Level I & Level 2 WPSB point level of an international competition (Paralympic Games, WC, WCH, Continental Cups) is based on the average (arithmetic mean) of the WPSB points of the best 5 competitors who have started in the competition (behind comma always rounded up e.g. 380,4 - 381 points) and of those best 5 competitors the best 3 who have finished. When a category has less than 5 competitors the point scale will be calculated from the 100 point level.
At all other Snowboard competitions (Level 3) WPSB points will be awarded if 3 competitors (with or without WPSB points) have started and at least 2 have finished in each category. When a category has less than 3 competitors the point scale will be calculated from the 50 point level.
If only 3 or 4 competitors have finished (or 2 in Level 3 events) the competition, the sum of their WPS Points is still divided by the minimum number of starters required in the category to obtain the WPSB points level for the competition. After the calculation of the average points, one of the scales, which are listed under the points scales below, is selected.
To choose the best possible scale, the average point value must be equal to or higher than the corresponding entry point.
If only 3 or 4 competitors have finished the competition, the sum of their WPSB Points is still divided by 5 to obtain the WPSB points level for the competition. After the calculation of the average points, one of the scales, which are listed under item 1409, is selected.
1414 Point scales
Points will be awarded according to the following scales:
1415 WPSB Snowboard Cross Banked Slalom Giant Slalom Time Trial Points calculation process
14151 Evaluated results
For each new list the average of the competitor’s best two results from the previous 12 months will be calculated in order to give their WPSB Snowboard Cross/Banked Slalom/Giant Slalom Point on that list.
1415.2 No results
If a competitor does not have any valid results in the previous 12 months, a penalty of reducing the 40 % of the Snowboard Cross points will be applied.
1415.3 One result
If a competitor has only one result in the previous 12 months, a penalty of reducing the 20 % of the Snowboard Cross points will be applied
GLOSSARY OF ACRONYMS
PC International Paralympic Committee
WPSB World Para Snowboard
STC Sport Technical Committee
WCH Snowboard World Championships
WC World Cup
COC Continental Cup
EC European Cup
AC Asian Cup
FIS Fédération Internationale de Ski (International Ski Federation)
ICR International Competition Rules (of FIS)
NORAM North American Cup
NC National Championship
NG Number of Gates
NPC National Paralympic Committee
NSF National Ski Federation
LOC Local Organizing Committee
PWG Paralympic Winter Games
SHC Southern Hemisphere Cup
TD Technical Delegate
TA Technical Advisor
VD Vertical Drop
TT Time Trial
BSL Banked Slalom
SBX Snowboard Cross
HH Head to Head
GS Giant Slalom