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World Para Nordic Skiing Rules and Regulations


Cross Country Skiing and Biathlon


November 2017


World Para Nordic Skiing

Adenauerallee 212-214                     Tel. +49 228 2097-200

53113 Bonn, Germany            Fax +49 228 2097-209


Content s


Sect ion 1                                                                                                                                               5


200                Regulations for World Para Nordic Skiing                                                                  5


201                WPNS Competitions                                                                                                                                                                                                         6


202                WPNS Calendar                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               7


203                World Para Nordic Skiing Race License                                                                                                                                                   9


204                Race License Pre-requisites                                                                                    10


205                Competitors Obligations and Rights                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10


206                Sponsorships and Advertising                                                                      11


207                Advertising and Commercial Markings                                                      11


208                Points System, Rankings and Trophies                                                                                                              11


210                Organization of Competition                                                                                                                                         11


211                The Organization                                                                                                                                                        11


212                Insurance                                                                                                                    12


213                Invitations/Programmed                                                                                                                                 13


214                Announcements                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    13


215                Entries                                                                                                                       13


216                Competition and Sanction Fees                                                                                                                            14


217                Team Captain's Meeting                                                                                          15


218                Starting Order                                                                                          16


219                Publication of results                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       16


221                Prizes                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    16


222               Team officials, coaches, service personnel, suppliers and firm's

                       representatives                                                                                                        18


223                         Competitor Medical Examinations and Compliance with the

                                 IPC Anti-Doping Code                                                                                     18


224                Competition Equipment                                                                                           20


225                Sanctions                                                                                                                   22


226                Procedural Guidelines                                                                                                             24


227                Appeals                                                                                                                      26


228                Violation of sanctions                                                                                                       28


Sect ion 2                                                                                                                                 29


300                Cross-Country Skiing and Biathlon Competition Rules                                        29


A. Organization                                                                                                                          29


301                The Organizing Committee (OC)                                                                                     29


302                The Competition Officials                                                                                                           29


303                The Jury and its duties                                                                                    32


304                Reimbursement of expenses                                                                                           38


305                Team Captain's Meeting                                                                                          38


B. Competitions                                                                                                                                                 41


310                Competition Formats and Programs                                                                                  41


311                Cross-Country and Biathlon Competition Courses                                                                                                                                                                            44


312                The Cross-Country and Biathlon Stadium                                                                                 47


313                Official entries for the organizer                                                                                                          50


314                Starting Order                                                                                          51


315                Start Procedures                                                                                                        53


316                Timing                                                                                                            57


317                Results                                                                                                       60


C. Competition Format s                                                                                                                    64


320                Cross-Country Skiing Competitions                                                            64


321                Interval Start Competitions                                                                                                                                                                                                        64


322                Pursuit Competitions                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      67


323                Sprint Competitions                                                                                            69


324                Relay Competitions                                                                                                                                                                  74


325                Biathlon Competitions                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               78


326                Biathlon Sprint Competitions                                                                                                                                                                                               78


327                Biathlon Middle Competition                                                                                  79


328                Biathlon Pursuit Competition                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         81


329                Biathlon Sprint Pursuit Competition                                                            84


330                Biathlon Individual Competition                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         87


331                Biathlon Rules                                                                                                           89


331.2             Shooting range                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       89


331.3             Penalty loop                                                                                                                                                                       93


331.4             Shooting Equipment Rules                                                                                                                                          93


331.5             Training and zeroing                                                                              95


331.6             Shooting rules                                                                                                                                                                                                    96


331.7             Shooting aids                                                                                                  97


331.8    Safety regulations                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      98


331.9    Misfires, lost rounds and damaged rifles                                                                                                                                     99


331.10 Target errors and malfunctions                                                                              99


331.11 The competition time                                                                                                                                                         100


D. Responsibilities of the Competitors and Team Officials                                                102


341                Requirements of the competitors                                                                       102


342                Medical examinations                                                                                                        102


343                Responsibilities of the competitors (including guides                                              102


344                Responsibilities of officials and others                                                               105


E. Not Permit ted to St art and Penalties                                                                                      107


351                Not permitted to start                                                                                                                                                                                   107


352                Penalties                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             107


F. Protests and Appeals                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           110


361                Protests                                                                                                                                           110


362                Appeals                                                                                                                     112



Sect ion 1


200                            Regulations for World Para Nordic Skiing


200.1                         Applicability


All competitions on the World Para Nordic Skiing (WPNS) Calendar must be organized in accordance with the IPC Handbook and World Para Nordic Skiing Rules and Regulations.


200.2                         Participation


Competitions listed in the WPNS Calendar are only open to all properly licensed competitors entered by their National Paralympic Committees (NPC) or designated National Ski Association (NSA) or National Ski Federation (NSF) or in accordance with quotas established for the respective competition.


The IPC recognizes only one national organization per nation to enter competitors in WPNS competitions. However, the NPC will maintain the exclusive right and recognition to enter athletes from their nation in the Paralympic Winter Games and WPNS Biathlon and Cross-Country Skiing World Championships.


200.3                         Special Regulations


The WPNS Sport Technical Committee (STC) can authorize a National Paralympic Committee or their designated NSA/NSF to adopt rules and regulations to organize national or international competitions with different grounds for qualification but only provided that they do not go beyond the limits laid down in the present rules.


200.4                         Control


All sanctioned competitions must be supervised by a Technical Delegate of the WPNS STC or Governing Board.


200.5                         Sanctions/Penalties


Every legal sanction imposed and published in respect of a competitor, official or trainer or Federation/Association will be recognized by the IPC and the National Paralympic Committee.


201                            WPNS Competitions



201.1                         The following Para Nordic skiing competitions are sanctioned by the IPC and are subject to regulations regarding participation and/or qualification:


201.1.1                      Paralympic Winter Games (PWG) and World Para Nordic Skiing World Championships (WCH)


201.1.2                      World Para Nordic Skiing (Cross Country and Biathlon) World Cups.


201.2                         The following Nordic Skiing competitions may be sanctioned by the WPNS and when sanctioned are subject to regulations regarding participation and/or qualification:


201.2.1                      WPNS Nordic Skiing Continental Cups (COC)


201.2.2                      European Cup (EC)


201.2.3                      North American Cup (NAC) or NORAM


201.2.4                      Asian Cup (AC)


201.2.5                      Southern Hemisphere Cup (SHC)


201.2.6                      International WPNS Competitions (WPNS)


201.2.7                      Open National Championships (NC)



201.3                         WPNS Disciplines


A discipline is a branch of a sport and may comprise one or several events. For example, Cross-Country Skiing and Biathlon are WPNS Disciplines, whereas the Cross-Country Sprint is an Event.


201.4                         WPNS Events


An event is a competition in a sport or in one of its disciplines. It results in a ranking and gives rise to the award of medals and/or prizes.


201.5                         Types of Competitions International WPNS competitions consist of:


201.5.1                      Cross Country Skiing Events Sprint, Short Distance, Middle Distance, Long Distance, Mixed and Open Relay, Pursuit.


201.5.2                      Biathlon Events Sprint, Middle, Individual, Pursuit, Sprint Pursuit


201.6                         WPNS World Championship Program me


201.6.1                      To be included in the program me of the WPNS World Championships, events must have a recognized international standing both numerically and geographically, and have been included for at least one season in the World Cup before a decision about their admission can be considered.


201.6.2                      A single event cannot simultaneously give rise to both an individual and a team ranking.


202                            WPNS Calendar


The competition year begins 1 July and runs to 30 June of the following year.


202.1                         Bidding and Announcement


202.1.1             Any National Paralympic Committee, designated NSA/NSF or other authorized organization (eg. Local Organizing Committee - LOC) is entitled to bid to organize the WPNS Biathlon and Cross-Country Skiing World Championships in accordance with the WPNS Bid Application Process for World Championships.


202.1.2                      Any National Paralympic Committee, designated NSA/NSF or other authorized organization is entitled to submit a Host Expression of Interest for any WPNS Race (WC, COC, NC, WPNS).


In order to achieve a fixed competition calendar at least two years in advance, the following deadlines apply for the receipt of the Host Expression of Interest.


The Interest Forms are published on the WPNS Nordic Skiing website and must be sent to          Calendar Planning and Allocation of Competitions


Calendar planning is coordinated by the WPNS STC in consultation with WPNS Management. The allocation of the competitions will be communicated by WPNS through electronic communication with the National Paralympic Committees, designated NSA/NSF or LOC. In the case of WPNS World Cup and World


Championship competitions, the calendars are subject to the approval of the WPNS STC and WPNS Management.          Homologations


Courses used for Paralympic Winter Games and World Championships must be homologated by the WPNS STC. Homologation should be completed by one year prior to the competition. Courses that are FIS homologated may be accepted for standing categories only. Courses for sit-ski athletes will require WPNS homologation.


World Cup venues and other sanctioned event venues will be subject to site inspection and course approval.


Refer to 311.2 for additional requirements and the Homologation Guide for standards and procedures.          Publication of the WPNS Calendar


The World Para Nordic Skiing Calendar will be published by WPNS on the website: iing/calendar-results. It will be continuously updated to reflect cancellations, postponements and other changes.          Postponements


In the case of a postponement/cancellation of a listed race from the WPNS Calendar, the LOC or hosting NPC or designated NSA/NSF must inform the WPNS immediately and a new invitation or notification must be released on the WPNS website.


202.1.3                      Appointment of Race Organizer When a National Paralympic Committee, or designated NSA/NSF or an authorized organization appoints a Race Organizer (LOC); the NPC/NSA/NSF shall send the WPNS a copy of the written agreement between the NPC/NSA/NSF and this Race Organizer.


202.1.4                      WPNS will issue contracts and sanctioning documents to the NPC/NSA/NSF and/or Race Organizer on July 1 prior to each season and these must be signed by October 15 prior to the season.


202.1.5                      An organizer and its NPC failing to comply with the requirements set in the Sanctioning Application and/or formal Contract or Agreement is subject to sanctions by the IPC. This may result in deleting the races from the WPNS calendar.


203                            World Para Nordic Skiing Race Licence


203.1                         All athletes and guides competing in WPNS races are required to have a valid WPNS Licence.


203.2                         Each NPC must purchase the Licenses for athletes and guides on a seasonal basis as detailed below:


Ƒ before 1 August (or before the first Southern Hemisphere races if before


ƒ Aug 1) if competing in Southern Hemisphere competitions before 1 October for all other competitions.


203.2.1             Each athlete must pay a 60 € fee. Each visually impaired class athlete must also pay a 60 € fee for one guide. Additional guides (above 1 guide per athlete) must register and obtain a licence but do not have to pay a licence fee. When paying after the deadlines (art. 203.2)


203.2.2             New athletes/guides, who have never held a WPNS Licence, are allowed to purchase a WPNS  season.


203.2.3             These fees will be reviewed every 2 years by the IPC Governing Board.


203.2.4             Once the WPNS Licence fee has been paid, and the athlete has signed and returned to IPC the Athletes' Eligibility Code Form, the competitor will be included in the SDMS and WPNS Rankings Points List within 10 days.


203.3                To compete at WPNS sanctioned events and acquire WPNS points, an athlete must be internationally classified by WPNS. Until an athlete has been Internationally (WPNS) Classified, he/she will be designated N status (New). An athlete with N status may not compete at World Cup, World Championship, or Paralympic Winter Games.


203.3.1                      Participation of N class athletes, as fore runners or post runners at a WC or WCH event will be at the discretion of the jury. These athletes will not appear in the results list for the competition.


203.3.2                      If competing at a sanctioned lower level event an athlete with N Status must compete in the class with the highest factor of his/her category (B3, LW 4, LW12).


203.4                         By signing the Athletes Eligibility Code Form, the athlete/guide confirms possession of valid liability insurance for WPNS events and assumes full responsibility, through his/her National Paralympic Committee.


203.5                         The WPNS Licence will only be issued to athletes/guides who meet the requirements of the IPC Athlete Nationality Code.


203.6                         The WPNS Licence will only be issued to athletes/guides who meet the requirements of the World Para Nordic Skiing minimum age limit requirements. In order to be eligible for WPNS competitions, the athletes/guides must be 14 years old during the calendar year (01.01 31.12) in which the ski season begins (see art. 202).


203.7                         An athlete/guide whose licence has been suspended may have a new licence issued only after the WPNS STC has verified that any sanctions imposed have been fulfilled.


204                            Race Licence Pre-requisites


204.1                         The IPC shall not issue a licence to any athlete/guide who:


204.1.1                      has conducted his or herself in a manner that violates the principles of Fair play or does not comply with the regulations outlined the IPC Anti-Doping Code,


204.1.2                      accepts or has accepted, directly or indirectly, any money /payments for their participation at competitions,


204.1.3             has not signed the Athletes Eligibility Code Form,


204.1.4                      does not meet the conditions outlined in the IPC Nationality Code or age limit requirement outlined in art. 203.6, or


204.1.5                      is under suspension.


204.2                         With the issuance of a licence and race entry the National Paralympic Committee assumes full responsibility and confirms that valid insurance (as per art. 205.6) for training and competition is in place for all its athletes and guides.


205                            Competitors Obligations and Right s


205.1                         Athletes and guides must comply with the IPC Handbook, the World Para Nordic Skiing Rulebook and must comply with the instructions of the Jury.


205.2                         Athletes and guides are not permitted to compete while under the influence of any substances or methods prohibited by the IPC Anti-Doping Code.


205.3                         Athletes and Guides who do not attend the award ceremonies without prior notification may lose their claim to any prize granted including prize money (where applicable).


205.4                         Athletes and guides must behave in an appropriate and sportsmanlike manner towards other competitors, members of the Organizing Committee, officials and the public.


205.5                         Athletes and guides are prohibited from betting on the outcome of competitions in which they are participating.


206                   Sponsorships and Advertising


206.1                         Teams may enter into contracts with a commercial firm or organization for financial sponsorship and or the supply of goods or equipment.


206.2                         Display of Competition Equipment during Award Ceremonies


206.2.1                      Competitors are not permitted to take off skis before crossing the red line in the finish area set by the organizer.


206.2.2                      A competitor is not allowed to take equipment (skis, poles, ski boots, glasses) to the official ceremonies, which have anthems and/or flag raising. (For PWG specific regulations apply).


206.2.3             Holding or carrying equipment on the victory podium for press photos, pictures, etc. is permitted after the conclusion of the ceremonies involving anthems/flag raising. (For PWG specific regulations apply).


207                            Advertising and Commercial Markings


207.1                         Athletes/guides are forbidden to display any advertising or commercial markings of brands related to tobacco, alcohol products or drugs (narcotics).


207.2                         Obscene names and/or symbols on clothing and equipment are forbidden.


207.3                         The advertising on equipment that is used during IPC Paralympic Winter Games must conform to the IPC Manufacturing and Trademark Guidelines. These guidelines apply equally to all NPC's, their teams, as well as service personnel and suppliers.


208                            Point s System, Rankings and Trophies


208.1                         WPNS Point s System


The WPNS point system will be used to rank athletes overall and is described in the World Para Nordic Skiing and World Cup Points Rules.


These rankings will be used for seeding according to art. 314.5.


208.2                         WPNS World Cup Point System


The WPNS World Cup point system shall be used to rank athletes participating if the World Para Nordic Skiing World Cup Series and is described in the World Para Nordic Skiing and World Cup Points Rules.


210                   Organization of Competition


211                            The Organization


211.1                         The Organizer


211.1.1             The organizer of a WPNS competition is the person or group of people who make the necessary preparations and directly carry out the running of the competition at the venue.


211.1.2                      If the NPC or designated National Ski Association or National Ski Federation itself is not the competition organizer, it may appoint an affiliated club or organization to be the organizer.


211.1.3                      The organizer must ensure that accredited persons accept the regulations regarding the competition rules and Jury decisions.


211.2                         The Local Organizing Committee (LOC)


211.2.1             The Local Organizing Committee consists of those members (physical or legal) who are delegated by the organizer and approved by the WPNS. It carries the rights, duties and obligations of the organizer.


212                            Insurance


212.1                         The organizer must take out liability and accident insurance for all staff (IPC Personnel included), including volunteers, all other accredited staff and athletes and visitors to protect the LOC against any claim related to the activities of the Organizing Committee. The IPC will additionally cover its employees and appointed officials, who are not members of the Organizing Committee (e.g. TD, administrator personnel, medical supervisor, etc.), with liability insurance when

they are acting on behalf of the IPC. Despite this coverage during the event, IPC staff is considered part of the LOC staff and the insurance coverage only will apply if the LOC insurance will decline a potential claim


212.2                         Before the first training day or competition, the organizer must be in possession of a binder or cover notes issued by a recognized insurance company and present it to the Technical Delegate. The Organizing Committee requires liability insurance with coverage of at least €700,000; whereby it is recommended that this sum is at least €2 million. Additionally, the policy must explicitly include liability insurance claims by any accredited participant, including athletes, against any other participant including but not limited to officials, course workers, coaches, etc.


212.3                         All athletes and guides and team officials participating in World Para Nordic Skiing sanctioned events must carry accident insurance, in sufficient amounts to cover accident, transport and rescue costs including race risks and repatriation costs. The National Paralympic Committee's or the designated National Ski Association is responsible for adequate insurance coverage of all the athletes the license and enter into a WPNS race or event.


212.4                         The National Paralympic Committee or designated National Ski Association or their athletes/guides or team officials must be able to show proof of the respective insurance coverage at any time on request of the WPNS STC, one of its representatives, or the organizing committee.


213                            Invitations/Program me


An invitation and program me (according to the standard template provided by WPNS), must be published by the respective organizers for each competition listed in the WPNS Calendar that must contain the following:


213.1                         name, date and place of the competitions, together with information on the competition sites and the best ways of reaching them,


213.2                         technical data on the individual competitions and conditions for participation,


213.3                         names of principal officials,


213.4                         time and place for the first team captains' meeting,


213.5                         timetable for the beginning of the official training and the start times,


213.6                         location of the official notice board,


213.7                         time and place for the prize-giving,


213.8                         final date of entry and address for entries, including telephone, telefax and e-mail address.


213.9                         Cancellation / postponement policy.


214                            Announcement s


214.1                An event announcement should be published on the World Para Nordic Skiing Calendar website a minimum of 6 months prior to the event.


214.2                The Organizing Committee must publish an invitation for the event. It must contain the information required by art. 213. The invitation should be published a minimum of 90 days prior to the event.


214.3                        Postponements or cancellations of competitions and program me alterations must be communicated invited or entered NPC's or Teams and the appointed TD. Competitions moved to immediately by telephone, e-mail or telefax to the IPC, all an earlier date must be approved by the WPNS.


215                   Entries


215.1                         For WPNS WC and designated WPNS competitions each NPC/NSF must submit its competition entries using the WPNS online registration system ( according to the following dates:


x Preliminary Entries: 6 weeks prior to first competition


x Final Entries: 10 days prior to first competition


215.1.1                      An LOC may request preliminary entry information for planning and accommodation purposes separate from the online registration.


215.2                         Special entry timelines and procedures shall apply for the Paralympic Winter Games and World Championships.


215.3                         At the request of an LOC, the WPNS STC, the WPNS Race Administrator will cancel a competitor's entry in a race/event if at the second Team captain's meeting his/her delegation has not covered the full costs of that competitor's participation.


215.4                         WPNS will provide the LOC access to the online registration system in order to monitor entry data.


215.5                         Only National Paralympic Committees or authorized National Ski Federations are entitled to submit entries for WPNS Races (WCH, PWG).


All entries will minimally include the following information:


ƒ Athlete/Guide Registration Number, (WPNS Code)

ƒ Family Name

ƒ Given Name

ƒ Gender

ƒ Date of Birth (DD/MM/YYYY),

ƒ Name of National Paralympic Committee and/or designated NSA/NSF;

ƒ Event (s) to be entered

ƒ Sport Class


215.6                         The WPNS and the LOC may reject any entry/entries that do not comply with the above requirements.


216                   Competition and Sanction Fees


216.1                         Race Entry Fee (Athletes)


The race entry fee is the amount that must be paid per athlete and guides to the LOC, for each race entered on the event competition program me.



The Race Entry Fee is non-refundable in the case that the Jury cancels the race. The amount payable per athlete/guide per race is as follows:


216.2                         Competition Sanction Fee (Organizing Committee)


An Organizing Committee must pay all competition sanction fees to the IPC according to the terms and conditions of the contract/agreement. This Competition Sanction Fees are non-refundable.


The sanction fees are as follows:


216.2                         Competition Sanction Fee (Organizing Committee)


An Organizing Committee must pay all competition sanction fees to the IPC according to the terms and conditions of the contract/agreement. This Competition Sanction Fees are non-refundable.


The sanction fees are as follows:


217                        Team Captain's Meeting


217.1                        The time and location of the first team captains' meeting must be shown in the program me. The invitations for all other meetings have to be announced to the team captains at their first meeting. Emergency meetings must be announced in good time.


217.2                         Two representatives of each participating nation may attend the TCMs. More representatives may attend if space permits.


217.3                         Representation by a substitute from another nation during discussions/voting at a team captains' meetings is not allowed.


217.4                         Team Captains and coaches must comply with the WPNS Rules and Regulations and the decisions of the Jury and respect the IPC Code of Ethics.


218                            Starting Order


218.1                         Competitors' starting order for each event and each discipline is decided according to a specific formula by draw and/or by points order. The method for determining start order for each event and discipline is defined in the Sections 314 and 315.


218.2                         Competitors will only be drawn or assigned a starting order based on points and shown on the start list if their entries have been received (in SDMS) before the closing date.


218.3                         Competitors who appear on the start list and are not present during the competition must be listed as DNS in the results.


218.4                         If a starting order has been drawn and the competition has to be postponed to a different date, the draw must be repeated. If points are used to create the start order and a competition has to be postponed, the points list in effect at the time of the postponed competition will apply for determining start order.


219                            Publication of result s


219.1                         The unofficial and official results will be published in accordance with the rules for the specific event. Official Results will also be posted on the WPNS website.

219.2                         In the event of a change in an  sport classification following first appearance or as the consequence of a successful appeal, the unofficial results may be adjusted before official results are posted according to the IPC Classification Code Model of Best Practice for Sport Class Changes following First- Appearance. This policy can be found in Chapter 1.3 of Section 2 of the IPC Handbook.


221                   Prizes


221.1                         At World Championships and Paralympic Winter Games medals will be awarded to the top three competitors in each event.


221.2                         At World Cup competitions prizes, titles or diplomas, provided by the LOC, will be awarded to the top three competitors in each event.


221.3                         If two or more competitors finish with the same rank or receive the same points, they shall be given the same placing. They will be awarded the same medal, prizes, titles or diplomas. The allocation of medals, titles or prizes by drawing lots or by another competition is not allowed.


221.4                         For visually impaired categories, if the athlete skied with a guide, the guide will also be awarded the same medal, prize, title or diploma awarded to the athlete. Only one guide per athlete is entitled to receive the same medal, prize, title or diploma. In the event an athlete has more than one guide, the team manager must communicate the name to the WPNS and LOC representatives at the last Team Captains Meeting before the award ceremony.


221.5                         All prizes are to be awarded no later than the final day of a competition or event series.


221.6                         World Cup Trophies


221.6.1                      A World Cup Trophy for the winner and medals for the top three (3) ranked athletes/guides will be awarded in each category / discipline.


221.6.2                      For VI Categories, if the athlete skied with a guide only one guide per VI athlete will be awarded per discipline and overall trophies. In the event an athlete has more than one guide, the team manager must communicate the name to the WPNS and LOC representatives at the last Team Captains Meeting before the award ceremony.


221.6.3                      The World Para Nordic Skiing STC will provide the Trophies and Medals.


222                Team officials, coaches, service personnel, suppliers and firm's represent at ives

222.1                         Team officials (support staff, coaches, medical personnel, wax technicians) are required to register in the WPNS SDMS. This registration will be valid for the entire season.


222.2                         Registered team officials will be issued a personally numbered bib to be visibly worn in accredited areas at all WC and WCH competitions. Team officials are individually responsible for their bibs and a fee to be determined from time to time by the WPNS STC will apply for replacements in the event of lost bibs. Team bibs remain the property of WPNS.


222.3                         At competitions where accreditation controls are in place, the Organizing Committee must provide the Technical Delegate with a list of persons accredited to the competition.


222.4                Accredited technical officials, team officials, service personnel and suppliers must perform their specified function. Individual organizers are free to accredit additional company representatives or other important persons.


222.5                         Only the technical delegate, jury, and accredited persons with clearly visible accreditation have access to the field of play (course, start, finish, and biathlon range) according to their accreditation.


222.6                         Gambling on Competitions Competitors, trainers, team officials and technical officials are prohibited from betting on the outcome of competitions in which they are involved.


223                   Competitor Medical Examinations and Compliance with the IPC Ant i Doping Code


223.1                         The National Paralympic Committee and/or the designated NSA/NSF are responsible for the fitness of their competitors to race. All competitors are required to undergo a thorough evaluation of their medical health. This evaluation is to be conducted within the competitor' s own nation.


223.2                         All competitors and guides must comply with and are subject to the rules and regulations outlined in the IPC Anti-Doping Code.


223.3                         For the Visually Impaired category, guides can also be eligible for anti-doping controls.


223.4                         Sex of t he Competitor


223.4.1             An athlete shall be eligible to compete in men`s competition if he is:


                  􀂃 recognized as a male in law and in accordance with the WPNS regulations applicable at the time; and

􀂃 eligible to compete under these WPNS Rules and Regulations.

223.4.2             An athlete shall be eligible to compete in women`s competition if he is:

Ƒ recognized as a male in law and in accordance with the WPNS regulations applicable at the time; and

ƒ eligible to compete under these WPNS Rules and Regulations.


223.4.3                      The IPC Medical and Scientific Director, in accordance with the WPNS regulations applicable at the time, shall determine the eligibility of a person recognized as third gender in law.


223.4.4                      Any athlete who, in the opinion of the IPC Medical and Scientific Director, fails to comply with the applicable WPNS regulations shall not be eligible to compete.


223.5                         Medical Servi